A Sequencer for starting and stopping runs is part of the MIDAS distribution. It uses a simple Midas Script Language (MSL) for commands.
The sequencer runs as a separate process and must be started before running a sequence via the command msequencer. The first time the Sequencer button on the Status Page is pressed, the ODB Sequencer Tree is created. If the Sequencer button is not present on the Status Page, it may have been suppressed.
The sequencer runs scripts in MSL (Midas Script Language) format, which reside on the server (where mhttpd is running). The sequencer state is completely stored in the ODB, meaning that even if mhttpd or the sequencer is stopped and restarted, the active sequence operation continues exactly where it has been stopped.
Refer to the /Sequencer ODB tree for more details on its organization.
For instructions on getting started with the sequencer, see Sequencer Page
The following commands are implemented in the MIDAS Sequencer. The left syntax is for the XML file, the right for the MSL (Midas Script Language).
Variable names are indicated in italic, options are enclosed in [brackets].
|INCLUDE name||Include another MSL file name.msl|
|BREAK||Break (finish prematurely) a loop. This is usually used together with an IF statement to abort a loop like
LOOP 10 IF ($x > 0) BREAK ENDIF ENDLOOP
|CALL name, a, b, c, ...||Call a subroutine. Optional parameters a,b,c... are passed to the subroutine, where they can be referenced via $1, $2, $3, etc. The subroutine can either reside in the current file, or in a library file which is included.|
|CAT name, a, b, c, ...||Concatenates the strings a,b,c,... into a single variable name . Can be referenced with $name. If a string must contain a comma, it can be enclosed in quotes such as in CAT title $run, ",", $n events|
|COMMENT comment||A comment for this XML file, for information only. This comment is shown in the title bar next to the file name if one runs a script. This can be helpful if one has many XML files and the file name only is not enough to supply enough information.|
|GOTO n||Jump to line n in script|
|Statements between "IF" and "ENDIF" are only executed if condition "con" is true, otherwise the statements between the optional "ELSE" and "ENDIF" are executed. The condition can use any math expression using variables via $name together with operators "<", "<=", ">", ">=", "==", "!=", "&" (bitwise AND). Up to four nested IF statements are possible. An example would be "IF ($x+3 > $y*4+$z^2)".|
|LIBRARY name||Indicates that the current file is a library (which can be included by other files). A library usually consists of a set of subroutines.|
|LOOP [name ,] n ... ENDLOOP||To execute a loop n times. For infinite loops, "infinite" can be specified as n. Optionally, the loop variable running from 1...n can be accessed inside the loop via $name.|
|LOOP name, a, b, c, ... ... ENDLOOP||Loop though a list of values. The loop is executed once for each value, which is stored into the variable name so it can be accessed inside the loop via $name.|
|MESSAGE message [,1]||Opens a message box in the browser containing the text message. If wait="1", then the sequencer waits until the box is closed by the user before continuing.|
|MSG message [,<type>]||Produces a midas message going into the message buffer. The optional <type> can be any of ERROR, INFO, DEBUG, LOG, TALK. If no type is given, INFO is used.|
|ODBCREATE path, type [, size]||Create an ODB key of type type and optional size size (for arrays). type can be UNIT8, INT8, UNIT16, INT16, UNIT32, INT32, BOOL, FLOAT, DOUBLE, STRING|
|ODBDELETE path||Delete an ODB key. If path points to a ODB subdirectory, delete the whole subdirectory.|
|ODBGET path, name||To get a value from a variable name. The variable can then be referenced with $name. If the ODB value is an array, the index can be specified like via a constant or expression:|
ODBGET "/Path/key", v ODBGET "/Path/key[$i + 15]", v
|ODBINC path [, delta]||To increment a value in the ODB. delta can be positive or negative. If no "delta" is given, 1 is used.|
|ODBSET path, value [, 0|1]||To set a value in the ODB. value can be any math expression containing variables (preceded by a '$'). path can also contain variables (preceded by a '$'), but no math expressions.|
If the ODB key referenced by path is an array, the index can be specified such as
ODBSET "/Path/value", 1 # individual value ODBSET "/Path/value[3-5]", 2 # index range 3,4,5 ODBSET "/Path/value[*]", 0 # all values of array
The path value can match multiple keys using the '?' and '*' wildcard (one or any number of characters respectively). This is useful to set the same sub-path on multiple folders:
ODBSET "/Path/to/somewhere/folder0/value", "1" ODBSET "/Path/to/somewhere/folder1/value", "1" ODBSET "/Path/to/somewhere/folder2/value", "1"
can be shortened as:
ODBSET "/Path/to/somewhere/folder*/value", "1"
The notify flag specifies if possible hot-links to this ODB value are notified. This can be useful if a front-end program has many parameters, which must be set for a specific run. The front-end usually has a hot-link to its parameters, so on each modification a callback function in the front-end is called which usually modifies some hardware. If there are many ODBSet statements for all parameters, the callback would be executed on each ODBSet, so the hardware would be reconfigured many times slowing down the startup of a run. In order to prevent this, notify="0" can be specified for all ODBSet statements except the last one which contains notify="1", so the callback function is called only once at the end.
|ODBLOAD file [, path]||Load an external file into the ODB.|
JSON, XML and ODB file format are supported with the value inferred by the content of the file.
The optional path marks the position where to load the given file into the ODB, if no position is given the file is loaded from ODB root.
|ODBSAVE path, file||Save part of the ODB to an external file.|
The file extension is used to determine the format. Possible values are ".json", ".xml" and ".odb".
The path can point to an individual value in the ODB or to a whole subtree.
|ODBSUBDIR path ...ENDODBSUBDIR||If one wants to se several ODB values in the same directory, the ODBSet commands can be rather long if the path is long. Using this command, the subdir can be specified for all commands between the opening and ending tags. So instead of writing |
ODBSET /Very/long/path/into/the/odb/value1, 1 ODBSET /Very/long/path/into/the/odb/value2, 1 ODBSET /Very/long/path/into/the/odb/value3, 1 ODBSET /Very/long/path/into/the/odb/value4, 1
one can write
ODBSUBDIR /Very/long/path/into/the/odb ODBSET value1, 1 ODBSET value2, 1 ODBSET value3, 1 ODBSET value4, 1 ENDODBSUBDIR
|PARAM name, comment, [a,b,c | bool]||When starting a script, a start page is shown where one can enter additional parameters for the script. Parameters can be defined either centrally for all scripts in the ODB under /Experiment/Edit on sequence. This subdirectory in the ODB can contain links to ODB values, which are queried at the start page. In addition, each script can define additional parameters appended to this list. They will be stored under /Sequencer/Variables and can be referenced inside the script via $name, where name can be any variable name specified in the parameter statement. The optional "comment" is shown on the start page below the parameter name. If only certain options are possible for the parameter, they can be defined via the options list. The web page will then contain a drop-down list showing the options. In case of type="bool", a checkbox will be shown.|
|RUNDESCRIPTION description||a run description which is stored under /Experiment/Run Parameters/Run Description .|
|SCRIPT script [, a, b, c, ...]||To call a script on the server side. Optionally, pass parameters to the script.|
|SET name, value
|Sets the variable name to "value". The variable can then be referenced later in the script by putting a "$" in front of the name like $"name". value can be a simple number or a complex expression containing other variables (preceded by a $) and calculations such as $v + 3*$x * sin($t). Following functions are available: abs, acos, asin, atan, atan2, ceil, cos. cosh, e, exp, fac, floor, ln, log, pi, pow, sin, sinh, sqrt, tan, tanh. A variable can be an array by using square brackets, like "a = 5" or "x = $a".|
|SUBROUTINE name ... ENDSUBROUTINE||Declares a subroutine which can be called via CALL.|
|TRANSITION start | stop | pause | resume||To start, stop, pause or resume a run|
|WAIT events | ODBvalue | seconds, [ODB path], [op], [value]||Wait until a number of events is acquired (testing /Equipment/Trigger/Statistics/Events sent), or until a value in the ODB exceeds value, or wait for value seconds. If the operand op is given, the ODB value is compared with value using this operand. So one could wait until an ODB value is equal to value or becomes smaller than value. Here is an example of such a statement which waits until some high voltage is below 100 V.
WAIT ODBvalue, /Equipment/HV/Variables/Measured, <, 100
The following example is a simple script, which writes a run description to the ODB, asks for a number of runs, then executes the runs, each running for 60 seconds.
COMMENT "This is a MSL test file" RUNDESCRIPTION "Test run" PARAM runs LOOP $runs TRANSITION START WAIT Seconds 60 TRANSITION STOP ENDLOOP
The following script is a more complex example, which measures a I-V curve (e.g. of a SiPM detector) and stores it in the ODB. It assumes a power supply operated by a front-end and linked to /Equipment/KEYTHLEY/. The I-V curve in the ODB can be plotted with a midas custom page.
# # I-V-Curve test with parameter specification at startup # PARAM start_voltage, "Starting voltage" PARAM stop_voltage, "Stop voltage" PARAM num_steps, "Number of steps" # Calculate step size num_steps = $num_steps + 1 # add one step for stop_voltage step_size = ($stop_voltage-$start_voltage) / ($num_steps-1) # Initialize measurement arrays at startup ODBCREATE /Equipment/Test/Variables/Voltage, FLOAT, $num_steps ODBCREATE /Equipment/Test/Variables/Current, FLOAT, $num_steps ODBCREATE /Equipment/Test/Variables/V, FLOAT # Erase any previously stored array ODBSET /Equipment/Test/Variables/Voltage[*], 0 ODBSET /Equipment/Test/Variables/Current[*], 0 v = $start_voltage ODBSET /Equipment/Test/Variables/V, $v current = 0 # Turn on Keithley ODBSET /Equipment/KEITHLEY/Variables/Set State, 1 # Wait to turn on WAIT SECONDS, 2 # Looping starts at 1 LOOP i, $num_steps # Store voltage in array and in variable ODBSET /Equipment/Test/Variables/Voltage[$i-1], $v ODBSET /Equipment/Test/Variables/V, $v # Set voltage and measure ODBSET /Equipment/KEITHLEY/Variables/Demand Voltage, $v # Wait for measurement to be stored in Current WAIT SECONDS, 10 ODBGET /Equipment/KEITHLEY/Variables/Current, current # Outputting current to ODB array ODBSET /Equipment/Test/Variables/Current[$i-1], $current # increment voltage v = $v + $step_size ENDLOOP # Turn off Keithley ODBSET /Equipment/KEITHLEY/Variables/Set State, 0 # Wait to turn off WAIT SECONDS, 1