Difference between revisions of "Setup MIDAS experiment at TRIUMF"

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{{Pagelinks}}
 
{{Pagelinks}}
 +
= Introduction =
 +
This page describes setting up a MIDAS experiment at TRIUMF. This information can be adapted for other sites.
 +
 
== Standard layout of MIDAS experiment ==
 
== Standard layout of MIDAS experiment ==
 +
The following shows the directory layout of a standard MIDAS experiment:
 +
 +
/home/exptuser/
 +
                packages/
 +
                        root                  <---- ROOT (64-bit or 32-bit)''
 +
                        mxml
 +
                        midas/                <---- MIDAS
 +
                              linux/{lib,bin}      <---- binaries matching the selected 64-bit/32-bit flavour of ROOT
 +
                              linux-m32/{lib,bin}  <---- limited function 32-bit binaries for 32-bit frontend machines, build by "make linux32"
 +
                              linux-m64/{lib,bin}  <---- limited function 64-bit binaries (only needed if ROOT and linux/bin are 32-bit)
 +
                              linux-crosscompile/{lib,bin}  <---- cross-compiled limited function binaries for PPC and ARM frontends (see Makefile)
 +
                        rootana                <---- ROOT analyzer
 +
                        roody                  <---- graphical online histogram viewer for MIDAS and ROOTANA
 +
                online/
 +
                        exptab                        <---- experiment definition
 +
                        {.ODB,.SYSTEM,.SYSMSG,etc}.SHM <---- MIDAS shared memory save files
 +
                        src                            <---- experiment frontend sources
 +
                        bin,scripts
 +
                        elog                          <---- MIDAS elog
 +
                        history                        <---- MIDAS history
 +
                        data -> /data/exptname/current <---- symlink to the data directory
 +
/data/exptname/current                                <---- experiment data directory with ODB save files and MIDAS .mid/.mid.gz data files
  
<pre>
 
/home/exptuser/
 
  packages/
 
    root <---- ROOT (64-bit or 32-bit)
 
    mxml
 
    midas <---- MIDAS
 
      linux/{lib,bin}  <---- binaries matching the selected 64-bit/32-bit flavour of ROOT
 
      linux-m32/{lib,bin}  <---- limited function 32-bit binaries for 32-bit frontend machines, build by "make linux32"
 
      linux-m64/{lib,bin}  <---- limited function 64-bit binaries (only needed if ROOT and linux/bin are 32-bit)
 
      linux-crosscompile/{lib,bin}  <---- cross-compiled limited function binaries for PPC and ARM frontends (see Makefile)
 
    rootana <---- ROOT analyzer
 
    roody <---- graphical online histogram viewer for MIDAS and ROOTANA
 
  online/
 
    exptab <---- experiment definition
 
    {.ODB,.SYSTEM,.SYSMSG,etc}.SHM <---- MIDAS shared memory save files
 
    src <---- experiment frontend sources
 
    bin,scripts
 
    elog <---- MIDAS elog
 
    history <---- MIDAS history
 
    data -> /data/exptname/current <---- symlink to the data directory
 
/data/exptname/current <---- experiment data directory with ODB save files and MIDAS .mid/.mid.gz data files
 
</pre>
 
  
 
== Prepare the user account ==
 
== Prepare the user account ==
 
<div id="NOTES"></div>
 
<div id="NOTES"></div>
 
;NOTES
 
;NOTES
* MIDAS versions August 2015 and later have enhanced [[Security]] and the default port numbers are different. Instructions for older versions differ slightly.
+
* Instructions are given for recent MIDAS versions (August 2015 and later) which have enhanced [[Security]]. Instructions for older versions differ slightly.
** follow the <span style="color:green">green</span> instructions for new (August 2015 or later) versions
 
 
** follow the  <span style="color:orange">orange</span> instructions for older versions
 
** follow the  <span style="color:orange">orange</span> instructions for older versions
  
 
* The '''Default Ports''' are different between the two versions:
 
* The '''Default Ports''' are different between the two versions:
** <span style="color:green">default ports (since August 2015) are mserver (1175), mhttpd (8080 and 8443) </span>
+
** default ports are mserver (1175), mhttpd (8080 and 8443)
** <span style="color:orange">default ports are mserver (7071), mhttpd (8081) </span>
+
** <span style="color:orange">default ports (older versions) are mserver (7071), mhttpd (8081) </span>
  
The default port for ROODY (9091) is unchanged.
+
The default port for ROODY is 9091.
  
 
* Setup the user account for running this instance of midas. For machines part of the LADD cluster, follow these  [http://daq-plone.triumf.ca/SM/docs/local/NewLaddUser] instructions.
 
* Setup the user account for running this instance of midas. For machines part of the LADD cluster, follow these  [http://daq-plone.triumf.ca/SM/docs/local/NewLaddUser] instructions.
Line 60: Line 62:
 
     breaksw
 
     breaksw
 
  default:
 
  default:
  <span style="color:green">setenv MIDAS_SERVER_HOST ladd05.triumf.ca:1175 # latest MIDAS version see [[#NOTES]]</span>
+
  setenv MIDAS_SERVER_HOST ladd05.triumf.ca:1175  
  <span style="color:orange"># or setenv MIDAS_SERVER_HOST ladd05.triumf.ca:7071  # older MIDAS version see [[#NOTES]]</span>
+
  <span style="color:orange"># or setenv MIDAS_SERVER_HOST ladd05.triumf.ca:7071  # [[#NOTES|older MIDAS versions]] </span>
 
  endsw
 
  endsw
 
  #
 
  #
Line 110: Line 112:
  
 
You can see a list of other installation problems at [[Common problems & Debugging recipes]].
 
You can see a list of other installation problems at [[Common problems & Debugging recipes]].
 +
 +
;NOTE
 +
: Optional features in MIDAS can be explicitly disabled if desired when making MIDAS using the NO_xxx feature (NO_ROOT,NO_MYSQL,NO_ODBC,NO_SQLITE,NO_MSCB), e.g. "make NO_ROOT=1" to disable ROOT. These NO_xxx Makefile variables are only used to control autodetection.
 +
  
 
== Install ROOTANA ==
 
== Install ROOTANA ==
Line 179: Line 185:
 
== Setup the experiment environment ==
 
== Setup the experiment environment ==
  
* decide which computer will host MIDAS (where MIDAS shared memory buffers will reside). This computer will run the mserver, mlogger and mhttpd.
+
* decide which computer will host MIDAS (where MIDAS shared memory buffers will reside). This computer will run the [[mserver]], [[mlogger]] and [[mhttpd]] applications.
* <span style="color:green;">'''IMPORTANT:''' unless running an experiment where all programs run on one machine, you will now (since August 2015) have to  allow access for [[Security#MIDAS programs on remote machines|MIDAS programs running on remote machines]] - see [[#NOTES]] </span>
+
* '''IMPORTANT:''' unless running an experiment where all programs run on localhost, you must now (since August 2015) allow access for clients running on remote machines. Follow the [[Security#MIDAS programs on remote machines|instructions here]].
 
* in .cshrc put the name of this computer into the section for setting MIDAS_SERVER_HOST. Note that multiple experiments can run on the same computer by using different ports.
 
* in .cshrc put the name of this computer into the section for setting MIDAS_SERVER_HOST. Note that multiple experiments can run on the same computer by using different ports.
 
* mkdir $HOME/online
 
* mkdir $HOME/online
Line 193: Line 199:
 
* login to the experiment host computer
 
* login to the experiment host computer
 
* echo $MIDAS_SERVER_HOST ### to check correct value - should be blank
 
* echo $MIDAS_SERVER_HOST ### to check correct value - should be blank
* <span style="color:green"> - see [[#NOTES]]
 
** Allow programs on remote machines to run on the host machine (see [[Security#MIDAS programs on remote machines]]) if not already done. Without this action, only programs running on the local host will be allowed.</span>
 
* <span style="color:orange">- see [[#NOTES]]
 
** OR optionally restrict access to specified hosts using the -a argument </span>
 
 
* create $HOME/online/bin/start_daq.sh, replacing XXX with the hostname of the machine running the experiment (and changing the mserver and mhttpd ports, as needed).
 
* create $HOME/online/bin/start_daq.sh, replacing XXX with the hostname of the machine running the experiment (and changing the mserver and mhttpd ports, as needed).
  
 
  #!/bin/sh
 
  #!/bin/sh
 +
# start_daq.sh
 
  cd $HOME/online
 
  cd $HOME/online
 
  #
 
  #
Line 212: Line 215:
 
  #
 
  #
 
  odbedit -c clean
 
  odbedit -c clean
<span style="color:green;">
+
  #   start [[mhttpd]] on default port. (Mongoose https version - see [[mhttpd]] for other options)
# see [[#NOTES]]
+
  mhttpd  -D  -a localhost -a XXX.triumf.ca # optionally restrict access to specified hosts
  # start [[mhttpd]] on default port. (https version). Use argument --mg to use a different port)
+
  #
  mhttpd  -D   
+
start [[mserver]] on default port (use argument -p to use a different port)  
  # start [[mserver]] on default port (use argument -p to use a different port)  
+
  mserver -D   # access must now be specifically allowed - see [[#Setup the experiment environment|above]]
  mserver -D  
 
</span>
 
 
  <span style="color:orange;">
 
  <span style="color:orange;">
  # OR (see [[#NOTES]])
+
  # OR ([[#NOTES|older MIDAS versions]])
  # mhttpd  -p 8081 -D -a localhost -a XXX.triumf.ca
+
  # mhttpd  -p 8081 -D -a localhost -a XXX.triumf.ca     # optionally restrict access to specified hosts
  # mserver -p 7071 -D -a localhost -a lxdragon01.triumf.ca -a lxdragon02.triumf.ca -a XXX.triumf.ca
+
  # mserver -p 7071 -D -a localhost -a lxdragon01.triumf.ca -a lxdragon02.triumf.ca -a XXX.triumf.ca # optionally restrict access to specified hosts
 
  </span>
 
  </span>
 
  #
 
  #
 
  mlogger -D
 
  mlogger -D
 
  #end file
 
  #end file
 +
 +
  
 
== Setup experiment database (ODB) ==
 
== Setup experiment database (ODB) ==
  
* <span style="color:green"> Start mhttpd once on command line.
 
  You will get an error saying you need to create a mongoose password file with command htdigest; see [[mhttpd]] for details. </span>
 
 
* run $HOME/online/bin/start_daq.sh
 
* run $HOME/online/bin/start_daq.sh
* open the midas status page at either (see [[#NOTES]])
+
 
** <span style="color:green;"> https://localhost:8443  (default port. See [[mhttpd]] for instructions the first time mhttpd is run) </span>
 
** <span style="color:orange;">or http://localhost:8081 (you will see most stuff "red" as nothing is running yet)</span>
 
* DON'T DO THIS YET! run ./fevme.exe (on the computer with the VME interface, could be different from computer hosting the experiment), observe that corresponding equipments have been created
 
 
* odbedit, run these commands: (replace user names and directory names)
 
* odbedit, run these commands: (replace user names and directory names)
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
Line 245: Line 243:
 
create STRING "/Logger/Elog dir"
 
create STRING "/Logger/Elog dir"
 
set "/Logger/Elog dir"    "/home/kopio03/online/elog"
 
set "/Logger/Elog dir"    "/home/kopio03/online/elog"
exit
 
</pre>
 
* odbedit, run these commands: (replace user names and directory names)
 
<pre>
 
 
set "/Logger/ODB dump file" "/home/kopio03/online/history/run%05d.xml"
 
set "/Logger/ODB dump file" "/home/kopio03/online/history/run%05d.xml"
 
set "/Logger/ODB dump" "y"
 
set "/Logger/ODB dump" "y"
Line 261: Line 255:
 
exit
 
exit
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
* open web browser e.g. firefox. Point to either ( see [[#NOTES]])
+
* open web browser e.g. firefox.
** <span style="color:green;"> https://localhost:8443 </span>
+
* go to the midas status page at https://localhost:8443  (default port).
** or <span style="color:orange;"> http://localhost:8081 </span>
+
** if running [[mhttpd]] with Mongoose HTTPS/OpenSSL (the default) for the first time, you will need to create a password file. Follow the instructions (see [[mhttpd#HTTPS/SSL server (Mongoose)]] for details).
 +
** For other options (i.e. HTTPS/SSL proxy) see [[#Secure MIDAS and ELOG Web access]]
 +
*<span style="color:orange;">OR open the midas status page at http://localhost:8081 ([[#NOTES|older MIDAS versions]])
 +
* midas status page will show most stuff "red" as nothing is running yet
 +
* DON'T DO THIS YET run ./fevme.exe (on the computer with the VME interface, could be different from computer hosting the experiment), observe that corresponding equipments have been created
 
* save the url bookmark to the "personal toolbar"
 
* save the url bookmark to the "personal toolbar"
 
* go to the Programs page, stop mlogger, stop fevme, start mlogger, start fevme
 
* go to the Programs page, stop mlogger, stop fevme, start mlogger, start fevme
Line 271: Line 269:
 
* send signals to the ADC gate
 
* send signals to the ADC gate
 
* you should be getting events
 
* you should be getting events
* to look at data, proceed with setting up the <a href="../../../SR/rootana">ROOT analyzer</a>
+
* to look at data, proceed with setting up the [[ROOTANA|ROOT Analyzer]].
  
 
== Start DAQ programs at boot time ==
 
== Start DAQ programs at boot time ==
Line 309: Line 307:
 
* if mdump complains about the size of .SYSTEM.SHM, remove it, try again.
 
* if mdump complains about the size of .SYSTEM.SHM, remove it, try again.
 
* ls -l /dev/shm ### to observe that the size of shared memory is correct
 
* ls -l /dev/shm ### to observe that the size of shared memory is correct
 +
 +
 +
 +
  
 
== Secure MIDAS and ELOG Web access  ==
 
== Secure MIDAS and ELOG Web access  ==
Line 315: Line 317:
 
Better security for HTTP is gained by using a password protected '''SSL (https) proxy'''. (It does not provide absolute security because of remaining problems with the security of SSL certificates, security of passwords, etc). Setting up an SSL (https) proxy is described [[#Setting up an HTTP proxy|below]].
 
Better security for HTTP is gained by using a password protected '''SSL (https) proxy'''. (It does not provide absolute security because of remaining problems with the security of SSL certificates, security of passwords, etc). Setting up an SSL (https) proxy is described [[#Setting up an HTTP proxy|below]].
  
Since May 2015, an ''alternative secure option'' to setting up an HTTP proxy is available to users of MIDAS. Recent versions of elogd (ELOG) do support SSL https:// connections, and [[#mhttpd with HTTPS/SSL server (Mongoose)]] is now available.  This option provides a similar level of security to an HTTP proxy.  
+
Since May 2015, an ''alternative secure option'' to setting up an HTTP proxy is available to users of MIDAS. Recent versions of elogd (ELOG) do support SSL https:// connections, and [[#mhttpd with HTTPS/SSL server (Mongoose)]] is now available.  This option is the default, and provides a similar level of security to an HTTP proxy.  
  
 
See [[Security#Web Access]] for a comparison of these two secure options.
 
See [[Security#Web Access]] for a comparison of these two secure options.

Revision as of 17:17, 12 November 2015


Introduction

This page describes setting up a MIDAS experiment at TRIUMF. This information can be adapted for other sites.

Standard layout of MIDAS experiment

The following shows the directory layout of a standard MIDAS experiment:

/home/exptuser/
               packages/
                       root                   <---- ROOT (64-bit or 32-bit)
                       mxml
                       midas/                 <---- MIDAS
                             linux/{lib,bin}       <---- binaries matching the selected 64-bit/32-bit flavour of ROOT
                             linux-m32/{lib,bin}   <---- limited function 32-bit binaries for 32-bit frontend machines, build by "make linux32"
                             linux-m64/{lib,bin}   <---- limited function 64-bit binaries (only needed if ROOT and linux/bin are 32-bit)
                             linux-crosscompile/{lib,bin}  <---- cross-compiled limited function binaries for PPC and ARM frontends (see Makefile)
                       rootana                <---- ROOT analyzer
                       roody                  <---- graphical online histogram viewer for MIDAS and ROOTANA
                online/
                       exptab                         <---- experiment definition
                       {.ODB,.SYSTEM,.SYSMSG,etc}.SHM <---- MIDAS shared memory save files
                       src                            <---- experiment frontend sources
                       bin,scripts
                       elog                           <---- MIDAS elog
                       history                        <---- MIDAS history
                       data -> /data/exptname/current <---- symlink to the data directory
/data/exptname/current                                <---- experiment data directory with ODB save files and MIDAS .mid/.mid.gz data files


Prepare the user account

NOTES
  • Instructions are given for recent MIDAS versions (August 2015 and later) which have enhanced Security. Instructions for older versions differ slightly.
    • follow the orange instructions for older versions
  • The Default Ports are different between the two versions:
    • default ports are mserver (1175), mhttpd (8080 and 8443)
    • default ports (older versions) are mserver (7071), mhttpd (8081)

The default port for ROODY is 9091.

  • Setup the user account for running this instance of midas. For machines part of the LADD cluster, follow these [1] instructions.
  • check that the account is using the /bin/tcsh shell
  • make $HOME/.cshrc look like this:
#!/bin/echo You must source
#
setenv LANG C
setenv SVN_EDITOR "emacs -nw"
setenv GIT_EDITOR "emacs -nw"
setenv CVS_RSH ssh
setenv MIDASSYS $HOME/packages/midas
setenv ROOTSYS  $HOME/packages/root
setenv ROOTANASYS $HOME/packages/rootana
setenv MIDAS_EXPTAB $HOME/online/exptab
#
# setup the MIDAS mserver
#
switch (`hostname`)
case ladd05*:
   unsetenv MIDAS_SERVER_HOST
   breaksw
default:
setenv MIDAS_SERVER_HOST ladd05.triumf.ca:1175 
# or setenv MIDAS_SERVER_HOST ladd05.triumf.ca:7071   # older MIDAS versions 
endsw
#
# select 64-bit or 32-bit MIDAS and ROOT
#
switch (`uname -i`)
case i386:
   #export ROOTSYS=/triumfcs/trshare/olchansk/root/root_v5.20.00_SL45_32
   setenv ROOTSYS /triumfcs/trshare/olchansk/root/root_v5.28.00_SL55_32
   setenv PATH .:$MIDASSYS/linux-m32/bin:$PATH
   breaksw
default:
   #export ROOTSYS=/triumfcs/trshare/olchansk/root/root_v5.26.00b_SL54_64
   #setenv ROOTSYS /triumfcs/trshare/olchansk/root/root_v5.28.00_SL55_64
   setenv ROOTSYS $HOME/packages/root
   setenv PATH .:$MIDASSYS/linux/bin:$PATH
endsw
#
setenv PATH .:$HOME/online/bin:$HOME/packages/roody/bin:$ROOTSYS/bin:$PATH
#
#end
  • mkdir $HOME/packages
  • Logout and login again, for .cshrc changes to take effect

Install ROOT

  • Identify the Linux version: RH9 (Red Hat Linux 9), FC3 (Fedora Core 3), RHEL4/SL4 (Red Hat Enterprise LInux 4/Scientific Linux 4), SL5, SL6: more /etc/redhat-release
  • Decide to use 32-bit or 64-bit ROOT ('uname -a')
  • cd $HOME/packages
  • ls -l /daq/daqshare/olchansk/root/ ### to see all available ROOT packages
  • ln -s /daq/daqshare/olchansk/root/root_vNNN_VVV_BB root, where NNN is the latest available version of ROOT ("ls -l /daq/daqshare/olchansk/root"), VVV is the Linux version code (RH9, FC3, SL4, etc) and BB is "_32" or "_64" for 32-bit or 64-bit ROOT. For example: /daq/daqshare/olchansk/root/root_v5.10.00_SL40
  • Check that ROOT works: "echo $ROOTSYS", "$ROOTSYS/bin/root"

Install MIDAS

You can see a list of other installation problems at Common problems & Debugging recipes.

NOTE
Optional features in MIDAS can be explicitly disabled if desired when making MIDAS using the NO_xxx feature (NO_ROOT,NO_MYSQL,NO_ODBC,NO_SQLITE,NO_MSCB), e.g. "make NO_ROOT=1" to disable ROOT. These NO_xxx Makefile variables are only used to control autodetection.


Install ROOTANA

Install ROODY

Prepare VME hardware

Hardware check list:

Install Universe-II VME driver (V7648, V7750, V7805, V7851)

  • login as root (ssh root@localhost)
  • get latest version of vmic driver from ladd00: scp username@ladd00:/home/olchansk/daq/v7805/vmisft-7433-NNN-KOMMM.tar.gz .
  • tar xzvf vmisft-7433-3.5-KO2.tar.gz
  • chown -R root.root vmisft-7433-3.5-KO2
  • cd vmisft-7433-3.5-KO2
  • cd vme_universe
  • make
  • make install
  • cd ..
  • make
  • edit /etc/rc.local, add these lines:
modprobe vme_universe
mkdir -p /dev/bus/vme
mknod /dev/bus/vme/ctl c 221 8
chmod a+wr /dev/bus/vme/ctl
  • run "modprobe vme_universe", run "lsmod" to check that the vme_universe module was loaded
  • run "ls -l /dev/bus/vme/ctl" to check that the VME device file exists, it should be "crw-rw-rw- 1 root root 221, 8 Feb 17 15:47 /dev/bus/vme/ctl"
  • cd ~/packages/vme; vmescan.exe

Install Tsi-148 VME driver (V7865)

  • login as root (ssh root@localhost)
  • yum install kernel-devel
  • get latest version of the driver from ladd00: scp username@ladd00:/home/olchansk/daq/v7865/v7865-sdk-linux-R01.00-KONNN.tar.gz
  • tar xzvf v7865-sdk-linux-R01.00-KO6.tar.gz
  • chown -R root.root v7865-sdk-linux-R01.00-KO6
  • cd v7865-sdk-linux-R01.00-KO6/gefvme/module
  • make
  • make install
  • cd $HOME
  • edit /etc/rc.local, verify that it has these 2 lines:
modprobe gefvme
sh /root/gefvme-makedevs
  • run "modprobe gefvme", run "lsmod" to check that the gefvme module was loaded
  • cd ~/packages/vme; vmescan_gef.exe

Setup the experiment environment

  • decide which computer will host MIDAS (where MIDAS shared memory buffers will reside). This computer will run the mserver, mlogger and mhttpd applications.
  • IMPORTANT: unless running an experiment where all programs run on localhost, you must now (since August 2015) allow access for clients running on remote machines. Follow the instructions here.
  • in .cshrc put the name of this computer into the section for setting MIDAS_SERVER_HOST. Note that multiple experiments can run on the same computer by using different ports.
  • mkdir $HOME/online
  • cd $HOME/online
  • create directories for local programs, sources, elog and history: mkdir bin src elog history
  • create data directory: mkdir -p /ladd/data1/t2kvme5/data; ln -s /ladd/data1/t2kvme5/data $HOME/online
  • create the exptab file "$HOME/online/exptab" following the example below. The first entry (exptname) is the name if the DAQ system (MIDAS experiment name), the second entry (/home/USER/online) is the location of MIDAS shared memory buffers (by convention, $HOME/online), the third entry (kopio03) is your username.
exptname /home/kopio03/online kopio03
  • logout and login again for all changes to take effect

Setup experiment startup scripts

  • login to the experiment host computer
  • echo $MIDAS_SERVER_HOST ### to check correct value - should be blank
  • create $HOME/online/bin/start_daq.sh, replacing XXX with the hostname of the machine running the experiment (and changing the mserver and mhttpd ports, as needed).
#!/bin/sh
# start_daq.sh
cd $HOME/online
#
case `hostname` in XXX*)
   echo "Good, we are on XXX!"
   ;;
*)
   echo "The start_daq script should be executed on XXX"
   exit 1
   ;;
esac
#
odbedit -c clean
#   start mhttpd on default port. (Mongoose https version - see mhttpd for other options)
mhttpd  -D  -a localhost -a XXX.triumf.ca # optionally restrict access to specified hosts
#
#   start mserver on default port (use argument -p to use a different port) 
mserver -D   # access must now be specifically allowed - see above

# OR (older MIDAS versions)
# mhttpd  -p 8081 -D -a localhost -a XXX.triumf.ca      # optionally restrict access to specified hosts
# mserver -p 7071 -D -a localhost -a lxdragon01.triumf.ca -a lxdragon02.triumf.ca -a XXX.triumf.ca # optionally restrict access to specified hosts

#
mlogger -D
#end file


Setup experiment database (ODB)

  • run $HOME/online/bin/start_daq.sh
  • odbedit, run these commands: (replace user names and directory names)
set "/Logger/Message file" "/home/kopio03/online/midas.log"
set "/Logger/Data Dir"     "/home/kopio03/online/data"
create STRING "/Logger/History dir"
set "/Logger/History dir"  "/home/kopio03/online/history"
create STRING "/Logger/Elog dir"
set "/Logger/Elog dir"     "/home/kopio03/online/elog"
set "/Logger/ODB dump file" "/home/kopio03/online/history/run%05d.xml"
set "/Logger/ODB dump" "y"
set "/Logger/Channels/0/Settings/Filename" "run%05dsub%03d.mid.gz"
set "/Logger/Channels/0/Settings/Subrun byte limit" "1000000000"
set "/Logger/Channels/0/Settings/Compression"   1
set "/Logger/Channels/0/Settings/ODB Dump" "y"
set "/Programs/Logger/Required" y
set "/Programs/Logger/Start command" "mlogger -D"
set "/Programs/fevme/Required" "y"
set "/Programs/fevme/Start command" "ssh -n lxdaq09 $HOME/online/src/fevme_gef.exe -O"
exit
  • open web browser e.g. firefox.
  • go to the midas status page at https://localhost:8443 (default port).
  • OR open the midas status page at http://localhost:8081 (older MIDAS versions)
  • midas status page will show most stuff "red" as nothing is running yet
  • DON'T DO THIS YET run ./fevme.exe (on the computer with the VME interface, could be different from computer hosting the experiment), observe that corresponding equipments have been created
  • save the url bookmark to the "personal toolbar"
  • go to the Programs page, stop mlogger, stop fevme, start mlogger, start fevme
  • go to the Status page, start run, stop run
  • go back to the Status page, everything should be green
  • start a run
  • send signals to the ADC gate
  • you should be getting events
  • to look at data, proceed with setting up the ROOT Analyzer.

Start DAQ programs at boot time

  • add this to /etc/rc.local (replace username and location of the start_daq script)
su - alpha -c /home/alpha/online/bin/start_daq.sh

Setup local software version control

Version control for experiment source code is setup using "git" (http://git-scm.com/)

  • cd $HOME/online
  • git init
  • git add exptab
  • git add bin/start_daq.sh
  • git add .gitignore ### contents can be
*~
*.o
*.exe
  • git add src/Makefile src/*.cxx ...
  • git commit -a

Adjust MIDAS buffer sizes

Default MIDAS SYSTEM buffer size is 8 Mbytes, fairly small for high-data-rate experiments. The rule of thumb is to have at least a few seconds worth of buffer space available. For example, if event size is 10 Kbytes and the event rate is 1 kHz, data rate is 10*10^3*1*10^3 = 10 Mbytes/sec. To buffer 10 seconds of data we need 100 Mbytes of buffer space.

To resize the MIDAS event buffers (SYSTEM, etc) do this:

  • stop all frontends, stop mlogger
  • start odbedit:
    • cd "/Experiment/Buffer sizes"
    • set SYSTEM 100000000
  • run "mdump -z SYSTEM"
  • if mdump complains about the size of .SYSTEM.SHM, remove it, try again.
  • ls -l /dev/shm ### to observe that the size of shared memory is correct



Secure MIDAS and ELOG Web access

In versions prior to May 2015, the default web access to MIDAS and ELOG uses the "http:" protocol which is insecure. In this case, all information is transmitted as clear text meaning that secret, confidential and sensitive information (such as the MIDAS and ELOG passwords and usernames) can be stolen "easily". This means that even "password protected" MIDAS and ELOG pages are not really protected if accessed using the "http" method.

Better security for HTTP is gained by using a password protected SSL (https) proxy. (It does not provide absolute security because of remaining problems with the security of SSL certificates, security of passwords, etc). Setting up an SSL (https) proxy is described below.

Since May 2015, an alternative secure option to setting up an HTTP proxy is available to users of MIDAS. Recent versions of elogd (ELOG) do support SSL https:// connections, and #mhttpd with HTTPS/SSL server (Mongoose) is now available. This option is the default, and provides a similar level of security to an HTTP proxy.

See Security#Web Access for a comparison of these two secure options.

mhttpd with HTTPS/SSL server (Mongoose)

Since May 2015 the MIDAS web server mhttpd is explicitly linked with OpenSSL to provide secure HTTPS connections via the Mongoose web server (see mhttpd). With this version, default web access to MIDAS uses the "https" protocol. Web access to mhttpd can be restricted by using the "-a hostname" switch of mhttpd. The first time mhttpd is run, a default SSL certificate is used, and a password file must be created. For additional security, the user should create and use their own SSL certificate. See HTTPS/SSL server (Mongoose) for instructions.


mhttpd using an HTTPS/SSL proxy

An HTTP proxy must be set up. This is the only way of securing older version of mhttpd (pre August 2015). Older versions of mhttpd are started using the -p port option e.g.

  • mhttpd -D -p 8080

To run a new version of mhttpd using an HTTP proxy, use the options provided to run the old (non-Mongoose) webserver on a given port, i.e.

  • mhttpd --oldserver 8080 --nomg -D

When using an SSL proxy, only access from the SSL proxy (and maybe some special trusted machines) should be permitted. This is done using the "-a hostname" switch of mhttpd. Normally there will be only "-a localhost" switch, enabling access only for the local machine (where the SSL proxy is running). Additional "-a hostname" switches enable access from listed local machines. No "-a xxx" enables access from everywhere (defeating the purpose of the SSL proxy, unless access controls are enforced elsewhere, i.e. by a site firewall or by local firewall rules).

Setting up an HTTP proxy

In this example, we use APACHE HTTPD to password-protect a typical midas/mhttpd and elog installation.

In this configuration, one uses the Linux stock httpd that accepts encrypted https:// connections and forwards them to mhttpd and elogd. Instead of (or in addition to) using mhttpd and elogd passwords, one configures password protection in httpd via the regular apache httpd password mechanisms (htpasswd, etc).

Recent versions of elogd do support SSL https:// connections, but if one is running an SSL proxy for anyway, it is simpler to run both through the same SSL proxy using the same SSL host certificate and the same httpd password file.

Restricting http: access to elogd

Note
Recent versions of elogd do support SSL https:// connections. The following information is for those using an HTTP proxy (see above).

For elogd, this is done using the "-n localhost" switch with enables only access from the same machine if present, or access from anywhere is absent (defeating the purpose of the SSL proxy, unless access controls are enforced elsewhere).

(It is recommended to run elogd from the same user as the main daq user and to keep elogd.cfg and all logbooks in the home directory of this user, where they are captured by the normal site backup system)

Instructions for installing elogd

    • install the elog rpm (from https://midas.psi.ch/elog/download/RPMS)
    • cd $HOME/elog
    • cp -rpv /usr/local/elog/* .
    • (to import elogs from mhttpd elog: cd logbooks; ln -s /home/t2km11/online/elog midas; cd midas; /usr/local/bin/elconv)
    • edit start_elogd to read:
#!/bin/sh

killall elogd
sleep 1
killall -KILL elogd
sleep 1
/usr/local/sbin/elogd -n localhost -x -c $HOME/elog/elogd.cfg -p 8082

#end
    • edit elogd.cfg to read:
[global]
port = 8082
usr = t2km11
grp = t2km11
SMTP host = smtp.triumf.ca
URL = https://xxx/elog/
#URL = http://xxx:8082

Reverse sort = 1
Display Mode = full

List Menu commands = New, Find, Admin, Help
Menu commands = New, Edit, Reply, Find, Duplicate, Help

Entries Per Page = 30
Supress Email on edit = 1
Default encoding = 1
Page title = T2K M11 ELOG
Resolve host names = 1

Logfile = /home/t2km11/elog/elogd.log
#Logging level = 3

[midas]

List page Title = T2K M11 MIDAS ELOG
Comment = T2K M11 MIDAS ELOG
Page Title = T2K M11 MIDAS ELOG
RSS Title = [$logbook - $type - $system] $subject, posted by $author

Attributes = Author, Subject, Run, Type, System
Show Attributes Edit = Run, Author, Subject, Type, System
Required Attributes = Author, Type, System, Subject

Options Type = Routine, Reply, Shift Summary, Modification, Question, Info, Problem
Options System = General, DAQ, Beamline

Preset Run = $shell(MIDASSYS=. /home/t2km11/packages/midas/linux/bin/odbedit -d Runinfo -c 'ls -v \"run number\"')

Preset On Reply Type = Reply
Preset On Reply Run = $shell(MIDASSYS=. /home/t2km11/packages/midas/linux/bin/odbedit -d Runinfo -c 'ls -v \"run number\"')

List Display = Date, Subject, Type, System, Author, ID
Quick Filter = Date, Type, ID

Remove on reply = Author
Quote on reply = 1

Use lock = 1

************* Email Functionality ****************

Use Email Subject = [T2KM11 - $System] $Subject
Omit Email To = 1

Email System General = xxx

Install SSL proxy

  • login as root to the SSL Proxy machine
  • cd ~root
  • create a certificate request (replace ladd09 with your hostname): openssl req -new -nodes -newkey rsa:2048 -sha256 -out ladd09.csr -keyout ladd09.key (answer: CA, BC, Vancouver, TRIUMF, DAQ, ladd09.triumf.ca, email@email.com
  • (optionally) sign it by TRIUMF: Mail -s "Andrew, please sign and return to email@email.com" andrew@email.com < ladd09.csr
  • sign it yourself: openssl x509 -req -days 365 -sha256 -in ladd09.csr -signkey ladd09.key -out ladd09.crt
  • if the certificate expires, renew it by signing it again
  • explore the private key: openssl pkey -in ladd09.key -text -noout
  • explore the certificate request: openssl req -in ladd00.csr -text -noout
  • explore the certificate: openssl x509 -in ladd09.crt -noout -text
  • yum install mod_ssl
  • edit /etc/httpd/conf.d/ssl.conf, make it read (add at the very bottom, right before the "</VirtualHost>" entry at the end of the file. This assumes mhttpd is running on port 8081, elogd is running on port 8082, both on localhost.
...
SSLCertificateFile /root/ladd09.crt
SSLCertificateKeyFile /root/ladd09.key
ProxyPass /elog/ http://localhost:8082/ retry=1
ProxyPass /      http://localhost:8081/ retry=1
</VirtualHost>
  • comment out duplicate "SSLCertificateFile" and "SSLCertificateKeyFile" elsewhere in the file
  • (optionally) If you got a certificate that is signed by DigiCert or RapidSSL then you'll need to add a line specifying the certificate chain file to ssl.conf:
...
SSLCertificateChainFile /root/certificate/DigiCertCA.crt
...
  • add password protection: again, right before "</VirtualHost>" at the end of the file, add this:
...
<Location />
SSLRequireSSL
AuthType Basic
AuthName "password protected site"
Require valid-user

# create password file: touch /etc/httpd/htpasswd
# to add new user or change password: htpasswd /etc/httpd/htpasswd username
AuthUserFile /etc/httpd/htpasswd

</Location>
</VirtualHost>
  • chkconfig httpd on
  • service httpd restart
  • test it
  • in ODB, set "/Elog/URL" to "https://host/elog/"
  • now from the midas status page, the "Elog" button should take us to the https Elog URL

Setup the history mhttpd for faster access to history plots

When running an SSL proxy,

  • start the main mhttpd (orange command for old mhttpd, green for new mhttpd with Mongoose(post August2015):
    • "mhttpd -p 8071 -D" or
    • "mhttpd -D --oldserver 8071 --nomg"
  • start the history mhttpd
    • "mhttpd -p 8072 -D -H" or
    • "mhttpd -D -H --oldserver 8072 --nomg"
  • set ODB /History/URL to "http://alphacpc09.cern.ch:8072/HS/"
  • open the MIDAS status page
  • go to the history section, try to open any history plot, observe that the history plot gif image loads correctly, inspect it's URL (use "copy image URL" or "view source", etc), it should point to port 8072 causing connection to the history mhttpd.
  • continue with these instructions to setup history mhttpd access through an SSL proxy:
  • setup SSL proxy access (required mod_proxy_html)
    • login as root to the SSL proxy machine
    • on SL5, install the missing mod_proxy_html httpd module:
    • yum install httpd-devel libxml2-devel
    • wget http://apache.webthing.com/mod_proxy_html/mod_proxy_html.tar.bz2
    • tar xjvf mod_proxy_html.tar.bz2
    • cd mod_proxy_html
    • apxs -c -I. -I/usr/include/libxml2 -i mod_proxy_html.c
    • apxs -c -I. -I/usr/include/libxml2 -i mod_xml2enc.c
    • cd /etc/httpd/conf.d, add this to ssl.conf:
before the ProxyPass statements
# proxy the MIDAS web servers  
LoadModule  xml2enc_module       modules/mod_xml2enc.so  
LoadModule  proxy_html_module    modules/mod_proxy_html.so  
ProxyHTMLLinks  a               href  
ProxyHTMLLinks  link            href  
ProxyHTMLLinks  img             src  
#ProxyHTMLEnable On  
ProxyRequests off  
after the ProxyPass statements
# ALPHA1 history access 
ProxyPass /alpha1/history/   http://alphacpc09.cern.ch:8072/HS/  retry=1 
ProxyPass /alpha1/           http://alphacpc09.cern.ch:8071/     retry=1 
 
ProxyHTMLEnable On  
ProxyHTMLURLMap http://alphacpc09.cern.ch:8072/HS/ /alpha1/history/ 
adjust
  • "alpha1" is the experiment name
  • "alphacpc09.cern.ch" is the machine running mhttpd
  • "8071" is the port number of the main mhttpd
    • "mhttpd -p 8071 -D" or
    • "mhttpd -D --oldserver 8071 --nomg"
  • "8072" is the port number of the history mhttpd
    • "mhttpd -p 8072 -D -H" or
    • "mhttpd -D -H --oldserver 8072 --nomg"