> uint32_t mvme_read_value(MVME_INTERFACE * vme, mvme_addr_t vme_addr);
> Question: How to distinguish the status and value returned?
On VME interfaces using the Universe and tsi148 PCI-VME bridges, your question has no meaning.
The VME address space is directly mapped into the PCI address space, then mmap()ed into your
program address space. Internally mvme_read_value() is "return *(uint32_t*)(mmap_base + vme_addr);"
and there is no such thing as "status".
Physically on the VME bus, for single-word VME cycles (mvme_read_value), there are only 2 error
conditions, an AS or a DS timeout, and these bridges return the bit pattern 0xFFFFFFFF for either error,
the same as the traditional VME bus always worked (i.e. before PCI, before ISA, back when the VME bus
*was* the main CPU-memory-IO bus).
So the answer to your question is "yes". If mvme_read_value() returned 0xFFFFFFFF, there was a VME
bus timeout because the board you are trying to address a) is not installed, b) was unplugged, c) does
not decode the address you tried to access (maybe you used the wrong AM code or the wrong data
With Universe and tsi148 PCI-VME bridges, the mvme_read() call runs the DMA interface that can issue
block transfer cycles on the VME bus. These DMA interfaces have interesting error handling, but
basically, they only tell you the estimated VME address at which the AS or DS timeout or BERR has
occurred. For sane VME boards, DMA errors mean very basic breakage of the VME crate and VME board.
With non-directly attached VME interfaces, i.e. the SIS3100, you can also have communication errors. I
do not know how those are reported by the SIS3100 Linux drivers, and I do not know how the MIDAS
driver reports them. But I do know that if you see those errors, your interface is very broken and VME
bus errors are the least of your worries.
P.S. There also exist PCI bus errors, they also return the bit pattern 0xFFFFFFFF and mean basic
breakage inside your computer. PCI-PCI and PCI-host bridges have special registers you can read to
find out the exact cause of the error ("your computer is broken").