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New entries since:Wed Dec 31 16:00:00 1969
ID Date Author Topic Subject
  2390   01 May 2022 Konstantin OlchanskiInfoadded web page for "mdump"
added JSON RPC for bm_receive_event() and added a web page for "mdump".

the event dump is a hex dump for now.

if somebody can contribute a javascript decoder for midas bank format, it would be greatly appreciated.

otherwise, I will eventually write my own decoder library patterned on midasio.h and midasio.cxx.

as of commit 5882d55d1f5bbbdb0d9238ada639e63ac27d8825
K.O.
  2389   30 Apr 2022 Konstantin OlchanskiInfoadded web pages for "show odb clients" and "show open records"
for a long time, midas web pages have been missing the equivalent of odbedit 
"scl" and "sor" to display current odb clients and current odb open records.

this is now added as buttons "show open records" and "show odb clients" in the 
odb editor page.

as in odbedit, "sor" shows open records under the current subtree, i.e. if you 
are looking at /equipment, you will not see open records for /experiment. to see 
all open records, go to "/".

commit b1ab7e67ecf785744fff092708d8389f222b14a4

K.O.
  2388   30 Apr 2022 Konstantin OlchanskiForumS3 Object Storage
> We are storing raw MIDAS files to S3 Object Storage, but MIDAS file are not 
> optimised for readout from such kind of storage. There is any work around on 
> evolution of midas raw output or, beyond simulated posix fs,  to develop midas 
> python library optimised to stream data from S3 (is not really clear to me if this 
> is possible).

We have plans for adding S3 object storage support to lazylogger, but have not gotten 
around to it yet.

We do not plan to add this in mlogger. mlogger works well for writing data to locally-
attached storage (local ext4, XFS, ZFS) but always runs into problems with timeouts and 
delays when writing to anything network-attached (even writing to NFS).

I envision that each midas raw data file (mid.gz or mid.lz4 or mid.bz2) will
be stored as an S3 object and there will be some kind of directory object
to map object ids to run and subrun numbers.

Choice of best file size is open, normally we use subruns to limit file size to 1-2 
Gbytes. If cloud storage prefers some other object size, we can easily to up to 10 
Gbytes and down to "a few megabytes" (ODB dumps will have to be turned off for this).

Other than that, in your view, what else is needed to optimize midas files for storage 
in the Amazon S3 could?

P.S. For reading files from the cloud, code needs to be written and added to 
midasio/midasio.cxx, for example, see the code that is already there for reading ssh-
attached files and dcache/dccp-attached files. (CERN EOS files can be read directly 
from POSIX mount point /eos).

K.O.
  2387   30 Apr 2022 Giovanni MazzitelliForumS3 Object Storage
Dear all,
We are storing raw MIDAS files to S3 Object Storage, but MIDAS file are not 
optimised for readout from such kind of storage. There is any work around on 
evolution of midas raw output or, beyond simulated posix fs,  to develop midas 
python library optimised to stream data from S3 (is not really clear to me if this 
is possible).
  2386   24 Apr 2022 Konstantin OlchanskiBug Fixmserver buffer overrun and crash
There is a memory allocation bug in the mserver.

ALIGN8() was missing when receiving events from the event socket and data buffer 
was allocated 4 bytes too short. but only for some received events and only in 
very unlucky sequence of received events. result was a rare but obnoxious crash 
of fevme frontend in alpha-2 at CERN. (we do not see any crash from this in 
alpha-g or anywhere else, the best I can tell).

fixed in commit 4dc06ba47ff7caa5251fd8c48d8533f35799f3a6.

If you use the mserver, please update to this commit or apply following patch in 
midas.cxx:

-   int bufsize = sizeof(INT) + event_size;
+   int bufsize = sizeof(INT) + total_size;

K.O.
  2385   15 Apr 2022 Stefan RittInfoNew midas sequencer version
I prepared some slides about the new features of the sequencer and post it here so 
people can have a quick look at get some inspiration.

Stefan
Attachment 1: sequencer.pdf
sequencer.pdf sequencer.pdf sequencer.pdf sequencer.pdf sequencer.pdf sequencer.pdf sequencer.pdf sequencer.pdf
  2384   13 Apr 2022 Konstantin OlchanskiInfoODB JSON support
> > Per xkcd, there is a new json standard "json5". In addition to other things, numeric
> > values NaN, +Infinity and -Infinity are encoded as literals NaN, Infinity and -Infinity (without quotes):
> > https://spec.json5.org/#numbers
> 
> Just for curiosity: Is this implemented by the midas json library now?

MIDAS encodes NaN, Infinity and -Infinity as javascript compatible "NaN", "Infinity" and "-Infinity",
this encoding is popular with other projects and allows correct transmission of these values
from ODB to javascript. The test code for this is on the MIDAS "Example" page, scroll down
to "Test nan and inf encoding".

I think this type of encoding, using strings to encode special values, is more in the spirit of json,
compared to other approaches such as adding special literals just for a few special cases
leaving other special cases in the cold (ieee-754 specifies several different types of NaN,
you can encode them into different nan-strings, but not into the one nan-literal (need more nan-literals,
requires change to the standard and change to every json parser).

As editorial comment, it boggles my mind, what university or kindergarden these people went to
who made the biggest number, the smallest number and the imaginary number (sqrt(-1))
all equal to zero (all encoded as literal null).

K.O.
  2383   13 Apr 2022 Stefan RittInfoODB JSON support
> Per xkcd, there is a new json standard "json5". In addition to other things, numeric
> values NaN, +Infinity and -Infinity are encoded as literals NaN, Infinity and -Infinity (without quotes):
> https://spec.json5.org/#numbers

Just for curiosity: Is this implemented by the midas json library now?
  2382   12 Apr 2022 Konstantin OlchanskiInfoODB JSON support
> > > > odbedit can now save ODB in JSON-formatted files.
> > encode NaN, Inf and -Inf as JSON string values "NaN", "Infinity" and "-Infinity". (Corresponding to the respective Javascript values).
> http://docs.oasis-open.org/odata/odata-json-format/v4.0/os/odata-json-format-v4.0-os.html
> > Values of types [...] Edm.Single, Edm.Double, and Edm.Decimal are represented as JSON numbers,
> except for NaN, INF, and –INF which are represented as strings "NaN", "INF" and "-INF".
> https://xkcd.com/927/

Per xkcd, there is a new json standard "json5". In addition to other things, numeric
values NaN, +Infinity and -Infinity are encoded as literals NaN, Infinity and -Infinity (without quotes):
https://spec.json5.org/#numbers

Good discussion of this mess here:
https://stackoverflow.com/questions/1423081/json-left-out-infinity-and-nan-json-status-in-ecmascript

K.O.
  2381   04 Apr 2022 Konstantin OlchanskiSuggestionMaximum ODB size
> Anybody some idea what the maximum ODB size can be?

It turns out ODB size limit is hardwired on db_open_database() at 100 Mbytes.

I now committed an improved error message for this.

I confirm that "odbinit -s 100MB" works and creates ODB with 50 Mbyte data area and 50 
Mbyte key area.

> in the age of 64GB RAM being a standard, we should be able to grow bigger ...

I agree, I think we can safely bump the limit from 100 Mbytes to 1 Gbyte, maybe 1.5 or 
1.99 Gbytes. Above that we run into 32-bit/31-bit cleanliness problems.

And creating extra large 1 GB ODB but using only a few megabytes will not waste any 
RAM, because the .ODB.SHM file is demand-paged and non-used parts of ODB will not be 
mapped into RAM. (It will waste disk space, file .ODB.SHM will be 1 GByte size).

However, 1 GByte (FPGA based) and 4-8 GByte (Raspberry Pi & co) machines are again
becoming popular and relevant for running MIDAS, and they have very slow "disk" 
subsystems, with NAND, SD and USB flash, so we should not go crazy here.

> odbinit -s 1024MB --cleanup

there is a bug in odbinit, if initial odbinit fails, ODB with default size is creates, 
and original rejected ODB size is written to .ODB_SIZE.TXT (an inconsistency).

bitbucket bug 328

> [ how do I resize ODB ??? ]

we need odbresize. bitbucket bug 329.

K.O.
  2380   31 Mar 2022 Stefan RittSuggestionMaximum ODB size
Anybody some idea what the maximum ODB size can be? In the old days, the linux 
kernels had a severe limit on shared memory of usually 8MB, but in the age of 
64GB RAM being a standard, we should be able to grow bigger. Tried

odbinit -s 1024MB --cleanup

which went through without complain, even put that value in to .ODB_SIZE.TXT, but 
when I started odbedit doing "mem", I only see a size of 1MB. Probably somewhere 
deep inside we have a limit which prevents the user to create very large ODBs, 
but this should be mentioned more prominently in odbinit. Like "size too large, 
maximum allowd is xxx MB".

Stefan
  2379   31 Mar 2022 Konstantin OlchanskiBug Fix"run stop" trouble in mlogger, fixed
while debugging something else, I ran into a bit of trouble in mlogger.

I set the mlogger event limit to 100, and after reaching 100 events, mlogger
sayd "stopping run", but nothing happened, run kept going.

it turns out mlogger tried stopping the run too soon, the run-start
transition did not finish yet and the error message about trying
to stop a run while another transition is in progress was missing.

(fixed - if another transition is in progress, we try again later)

it also turns out that cm_transition() checks if another transition
is in progress way too late, all the way in the transition thread,
where it cannot return it is an error to mlogger.

(fixed - first thing done in cm_transition() is this check).

while debugging this, I tested the ODB flags "/Logger/Async transitions"
and /Logger/Multithread transitions". It turns out only two transition
types still work from inside mlogger - multithread transition
and detached transition (via the mtransition helper).

the issue is the dead lock between mlogger and frontend. while mlogger
is inside cm_transition(), it is not reading the SYSTEM buffer,
while at the same time frontends are writing into it. If SYSTEM
buffer happens to be pretty full, we dead lock - frontends are waiting
for free space in the SYSTEM buffer do not respond to RPCs, mlogger is not 
reading from the SYSTEM and it stuck trying to issue "run stop" RPC
to frontend. (this dead lock is not forever, eventually frontend
is killed by RPC timeout, mlogger survives and stops the run).

this is a well known problem and as solution, mlogger has been using the 
multithreaded transitions for years.

now I removed the OBD /Logger/Async transition and /Logger/Multithread 
transition flags, instead, there is now a flag /Logger/Detached transitions
set to FALSE by default. Setting it to TRUE will cause mlogger to fork 
"mtransition STOP" and "mtransition START" for stopping and starting runs,
this is useful in case there is trouble with multithreading in mlogger.

K.O.
  2378   30 Mar 2022 Konstantin OlchanskiBug Fixerroneous removal of odb clients, fixed
commit https://bitbucket.org/tmidas/midas/commits/b1fe21445109774be3f059c2124727b414abf835
made on 2022-02-21 fixed a serious bug in ODB.

a multithread race condition against an incorrectly updated shared variable caused removal of 
random clients from ODB with error message:

My client index %d in ODB is invalid: out of range 0..%d. Maybe this client was removed by a 
timeout, see midas.log. Cannot continue, aborting...

the race is between db_open_database() in one program (executed when any midas program starts) and 
db_get_my_client_locked() in all running midas programs.

as long as no midas programs are started (db_open_database() is not executed), this bug does not 
happen.

if i.e. odbedit is executed very often, i.e. from a script, probability of hitting this bug becomes 
quite high.

fixed now.

K.O.
  2377   29 Mar 2022 Konstantin OlchanskiBug Fixmdump can read lz4 and bz2 files now
I converted mdump file i/o from older mdsupport library to newer midasio library 
and it can now read .mid, .mid.gz, .mid.lz4 and .mid.bz2 files. Output should be 
identical to what it printed before, if you see any differences, please report 
them here or on bitbucket. K.O.
  2376   29 Mar 2022 Hunter LoweForumTriggering without LAM signal - mcstd_libgpmc_camac driver
Hello,

I have a question for anyone experienced with simple CAMAC systems.
 My understanding is that for a single ADC system you can use a gate to generate a
 LAM signal for triggering on ADC.
 The driver that I have "mcstd_libgpmc_camac" has LAM "not implemented" though,
 so I'm not sure how I should trigger DAQ. The frontend code that I have seems to use a TDC
 as trigger for ADC via "EQ_POLLED" type equipment setting. Should I simply plug in TDC in my
 system and use this as trigger? Is it as simple as TDC generates signal via gate and ADC performs job? 

Sorry if question is super basic, just confused how to trigger without LAM signal.

Thank you :)

Hunter Lowe
UNBC Grad Physics
  2375   25 Mar 2022 Marius KoeppelBug ReportWritting MIDAS Events via FPGAs
I finally found the problem why the readout stops after a run transition. 

In my dummy frontend the serial number was not reset to zero at run start. 
This leads to a mismatch of the serial number in the function receive_trigger_event of mfe.cxx:1247.
Which is than resulting in the problem that the function founds never a new event in all ring buffers and nothing get read out of the buffer.

Nevertheless, it would be nice that the system would tell the user that there is a mismatch in the serial number (printing a warning / error etc.). 

Cheers,
Marius
  2374   24 Mar 2022 Konstantin OlchanskiBug Fixmhttpd bug fixed
> As for the browser cache problem: This Chrome extension is your friend ...

for google chrome, it is easy, open the javascript debugger (left-click "inspect"),
the reload button becomes a left-click menu, one left-click option is "clear cache and reload".
(there is no button for "clear cookies and reload", re recent elog cookie problem).

but this does not help me personally any. if midas web pages get confused, I will also get confused, too,
and I will spend hours debugging mhttpd before thinking "hmm... maybe I should clear the browser cache!"

not sure about firefox, safari, microsoft edge and opera. if I ever need it, I google it.

K.O.
  2373   24 Mar 2022 Konstantin OlchanskiBug Reportdata missing in runXXXXXX.mid
> One idea: we should have a look at mlogger::close_channels().
> There the SYSTEM buffer is emptied through the cm_yield() call.
> Instrumenting this with some debugging code will enlighten us.

right. this will "last few events are lost at the end of run".

but that code in the mlogger was not touched in years, if there is a problem there,
we would have seen it by now, most experiments check that the number
of events in the data file is same as number of triggers generated, both
numbers are shown on the midas status page.

> Another possible problem: If the frontend requested to be notified for a run stop AFTER the logger, then the problem might happen: Logger closes file, and THEN the frontend flushes events ending up in the SYSTEM buffer and being logged at the beginning of the next run. The mfe.cxx framework takes care of this by calling 
> cm_register_transition(TR_STOP, 500);

default sequence, both mfe.c frontend and c++ tmfe frontend:

start of run:
- mlogger first (configure history, open data file)
- frontends last
- (if any frontend fails, TR_STARTABORT is sent to mlogger to close the output file and "undo" the run start)

end of run:
- frontends first (must not send any events after after processing the TR_STOP RPC call, inside the TR_STOP handler, bm_flush_cache() takes care of the write cache)
- mlogger last
- (if any frontend fails, failure is ignored, run stops regardless)

wrong order will be only if they manually change it, and whatever order
they set, you see it on the midas transition page (and mtransition -v and odbedit stop now -v, etc).

K.O.
  2372   24 Mar 2022 Stefan RittBug Reportdata missing in runXXXXXX.mid
One idea: we should have a look at mlogger::close_channels(). There the SYSTEM buffer is emptied through the cm_yield() call. Instrumenting this with some debugging code will enlighten us. 

Another possible problem: If the frontend requested to be notified for a run stop AFTER the logger, then the problem might happen: Logger closes file, and THEN the frontend flushes events ending up in the SYSTEM buffer and being logged at the beginning of the next run. The mfe.cxx framework takes care of this by calling 

cm_register_transition(TR_SOP, 500);

while the mlogger does 

cm_register_transition(TR_STOP, tr_stop, 800);

and since 800 > 500 the logger will be called AFTER the frontend. If one use a framework different from mfe.cxx, this could however be different.

Stefan
  2371   24 Mar 2022 Stefan RittBug Fixmhttpd bug fixed
I see, now I understand.

As for the browser cache problem: This Chrome extension is your friend: 

https://chrome.google.com/webstore/detail/clear-cache/cppjkneekbjaeellbfkmgnhonkkjfpdn?hl=en

I use it all the time I change the CSS or a JS file. Having the "Developer Tools" open in Chrome helps as well 
(cache is then turned off). Firefox has similar extensions.

Stefan
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