Back Midas Rome Roody Rootana
  Midas DAQ System, Page 1 of 41  Not logged in ELOG logo
Entry  25 Jun 2022, Joseph McKenna, Bug Report, RPC timeout for manalyzer over network 

In ALPHA, I get RPC timeouts running a (reasonably heavy) analyzer on a remote machine (connected directly via a ~30 meter 10Gbe Ethernet cable) after ~5 minutes of running. If I run the analyser locally, I dont not see a timeout...

gdb trace:

#0  __GI_raise (sig=sig@entry=6) at ../sysdeps/unix/sysv/linux/raise.c:50
#1  0x00007ffff5d35859 in __GI_abort () at abort.c:79
#2  0x00005555555a2a22 in rpc_call (routine_id=11111) at /home/alpha/packages/midas/src/midas.cxx:13866
#3  0x000055555562699d in bm_receive_event_rpc (buffer_handle=buffer_handle@entry=2, buf=buf@entry=0x0, buf_size=buf_size@entry=0x0, ppevent=ppevent@entry=0x0, pvec=pvec@entry=0x7fffffffd700,
    timeout_msec=timeout_msec@entry=100) at /home/alpha/packages/midas/src/midas.cxx:10510
#4  0x0000555555631082 in bm_receive_event_vec (buffer_handle=2, pvec=pvec@entry=0x7fffffffd700, timeout_msec=timeout_msec@entry=100) at /home/alpha/packages/midas/src/midas.cxx:10794
#5  0x0000555555673dbb in TMEventBuffer::ReceiveEvent (this=this@entry=0x555557388b30, e=e@entry=0x7fffffffd700, timeout_msec=timeout_msec@entry=100) at /home/alpha/packages/midas/src/tmfe.cxx:312
#6  0x0000555555607b56 in ReceiveEvent (b=0x555557388b30, e=0x7fffffffd6c0, timeout_msec=100) at /home/alpha/packages/midas/manalyzer/manalyzer.cxx:1411
#7  0x000055555560d8dc in ProcessMidasOnlineTmfe (args=..., progname=<optimized out>, hostname=<optimized out>, exptname=<optimized out>, bufname=<optimized out>, event_id=<optimized out>,
    trigger_mask=<optimized out>, sampling_type_string=<optimized out>, num_analyze=0, writer=<optimized out>, multithread=<optimized out>, profiler=<optimized out>,
    queue_interval_check=<optimized out>) at /home/alpha/packages/midas/manalyzer/manalyzer.cxx:1534
#8  0x000055555560f93b in manalyzer_main (argc=<optimized out>, argv=<optimized out>) at /usr/include/c++/9/bits/basic_string.h:2304
#9  0x00007ffff5d37083 in __libc_start_main (main=0x5555555b1130 <main(int, char**)>, argc=8, argv=0x7fffffffdda8, init=<optimized out>, fini=<optimized out>, rtld_fini=<optimized out>,
    stack_end=0x7fffffffdd98) at ../csu/libc-start.c:308
#10 0x00005555555b184e in _start () at /usr/include/c++/9/bits/stl_vector.h:94

Any suggestions? Many thanks
Entry  19 Jun 2022, Francesco Renga, Forum, Alarm on variable not updating 
Dear all,
I've an ODB equipment that sometimes loses the connection with the hardware, so that the variables are not updated anymore. The connection can be restored by restarting the frontend. It would be useful to have an alarm based on the time from the last update of some variable (i.e. the alarm is triggered if the variable is not updated for more than X seconds). Is there a method to implement such an alarm in MIDAS?

Thank you very much,
Francesco
    Reply  20 Jun 2022, Stefan Ritt, Forum, Alarm on variable not updating 
There are two functions to do that, one check the last write access, the other the last write access if the run is running. The alarm condition looks like:

access(/Equipment/.../Variables/Input[10]) > 60

which will cause an alarm if the Input[10] is not written for more than 60 seconds. The other function which checks the run status as well is like:

access_running(...odb key...) > 60

You can actually see an example on the MEG alarm page.

Rather than having an alarm for that I would however recommend that you program you frontend such that it realizes if it looses connections, then tries automatically to reconnect or trigger an alarm itself (so-called "internal" alarm). This is also how the MSCB system is working and is much more robust.

Stefan
Entry  20 Jun 2022, jianrun, Bug Report, Error in "midas/src/mana.cxx" 
Dear Midas developers,

When we are running the examples in $MIDASSYS/examples/experiment/, we meet some 
problems when analyzing the results:
1. When we analyze the data using the analyzer: ./analyzer -i run00001.mid -o 
run00001.rz  , we find some bugs: 
"
Root server listening on port 9090...
Running analyzer offline. Stop with "!"
[Analyzer,ERROR] [mana.cxx:1832:bor,ERROR] HBOOK support is not compiled in
[Analyzer,INFO] Set run number 6 in ODB
Load ODB from run 6...OK
run00006.mid:2680  events, 0.00s
"
We think this occurs in the "midas/src/mana.cxx ". How can we solve this?

2. When we analyze the above data, an error also occurs: 
[Analyzer,ERROR] [odb.cxx:847:db_validate_name,ERROR] Invalid name 
"/Analyzer/Tests/Always true/Rate [Hz]" passed to db_create_key_wlocked: should 
not contain "["

We simply fixed that just by replacing the "Rate [Hz]" with "Rate" in the 
test_write in midas/src/mana.cxx 
We are curious whether you can fix the problem permanently in the next version, 
or we are not running the code properly. Thanks!
Entry  15 Apr 2019, Konstantin Olchanski, Info, switch of MIDAS to C++ 
For a long time now we have keep the core of midas (odb.c, midas.c, etc) compatible with plain C and by default 
we have built the MIDAS library using the plain C compiler. Over time, we have switched most MIDAS programs 
(mhttpd, mlogger, mdump, odbedit, etc) to C++ (with happy results). (and for a long time now, all of MIDAS 
could be build as C++, even if the default build remained plain C).

The main reason for keeping the core of MIDAS as C has been to allow writing MIDAS frontends in C - for 
example, in environments with no C++ compilers or no C++ runtime (VxWorks) or where C++ had too much 
overhead (small memory machines, etc).

Today, all concerns against using C++ seem to have receded into the past. C++ compilers are now always 
available, even for small embedded systems. C++ overheads are now well understood and one can easily write 
C++ code that is as efficient as C for using limited CPU and memory resources. (While at the same time, today's 
embedded systems tend to have more CPU and RAM than "big" MIDAS DAQ machines had in the past - 1GHz 
CPU, 1GB RAM is pretty typical for embedded ARM).

As examples of small hardware where MIDAS frontends written in C++ worked just fine, consider the T2K ND280 
FGD data collector running on XILINX FPGA with a 300MHz PowerPC and 128 Mbytes of RAM (standard Linux 
kernel) and the GRIFFIN Clock distribution module control running on a Microsemi FPGA with a 300MHz ARM 
CPU (ucLinux without an MMU). More typical Cyclone-5 ARM SoCs with 1GB RAM and 1GHz CPU run standard 
Linux (CentOS7) and can build MIDAS natively (no need for cross-compiling).

With the removal of the requirement to make it possible to write MIDAS frontends in C, we can switch the MIDAS 
default build to C++ and start using C++ features in the MIDAS API (std::string, std::vector, etc).

Next to consider is "which C++ should we use?".

K.O.
    Reply  15 Apr 2019, Konstantin Olchanski, Info, switch of MIDAS to C++, which C++? 
>
> With the removal of the requirement to make it possible to write MIDAS frontends in C, we can switch the MIDAS 
> default build to C++ and start using C++ features in the MIDAS API (std::string, std::vector, etc).
> 

Consider the most basic C++ construct, std::string, and observe how many member functions are annotated "c++11", "c++17", etc:
https://en.cppreference.com/w/cpp/string/basic_string

For MIDAS this means that we cannot target "a" C++ or "the" C++, we have to chose between C++ "before C++11", C++11, C++17 
(plus the incoming c++20).

For example, the ROOT 6 package requires C++11 *and* g++ >= 4.8.

Now consider the platforms we use at TRIUMF:

- Linux RHEL/SL/CentOS6 - gcc 4.4.7, no C++11.
- Linux RHEL/SL/CentOS7 - gcc 4.8.5, full C++11, no C++14, no C++17
- Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS - gcc 7.3.0, full C++11, full C++14, "experimental" C++17.
- MacOS 10.13 - llvm 10.0.0 (clang-1000.11.45.5), full C++11, full C++14, full C++17.

(see here for GCC C++ support: https://gcc.gnu.org/projects/cxx-status.html)
(see here for LLVM clang c++ support: https://clang.llvm.org/cxx_status.html)

As is easy to see from the std::string reference how C++17 has a large number of very useful new features.

Alas, at TRIUMF we still run MIDAS on many SL6 machines where C++11 and C++17 is not normally available. I estimate another 1-2 
years before all our SL6 machines are upgraded to RHEL/SL/CentOS7 (or Ubuntu LTS).

This means we cannot use C++11 and C++17 in MIDAS yet. We are stuck with pre-C++11 for now.

Remarks:
- there will be trouble right away as both Stefan and myself do MIDAS development on MacOS where full C++17 is available and is 
tempting to use. (as they say, watch this space)
- it is possible to install a newer C++ compiler into RHEL/SL/CentOS 6 and 7 systems, but we are loath to require this (same as we 
are loath to require cmake for building MIDAS) - the "I" in MIDAS means integrated, meaning "does not require installing 100 
additional packages before one can use it".
- the MS Windows situation is unclear, but since one has to install the C++ compiler as an additional package anyway, I do not see 
any problem with requiring C++17 support, with a choice of MS compilers, GCC and LLVM. I doubt we will support anything older 
than Windows 10.

K.O.
       Reply  15 Apr 2019, Konstantin Olchanski, Info, switch of MIDAS to C++, how much C++? 
> >
> > With the removal of the requirement to make it possible to write MIDAS frontends in C, we can switch the MIDAS 
> > default build to C++ and start using C++ features in the MIDAS API (std::string, std::vector, etc).
> > 

C++ is a big animal. Obviously we want to use std::string, std::vector and similar improvements over plain C (we already use "//" for comments).

But in keeping with the Camel's nose fable (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camel%27s_nose), there are some parts of C++ we definitely do not want to use in MIDAS. Even the C++ FAQ talks 
about "evil features", see https://isocpp.org/wiki/faq/big-picture#use-evil-things-sometimes

Here is my list of things to use and to avoid. Comments on this are very welcome - as everybody's experience with C++ is different (and everybody's experience is very valuable and very 
welcome).

- std::string, std:vector, etc are in. I am already using them in the MIDAS API (midas.h)
- extern "C" is out, everything has to be C++, will remove "extern "C"" from all midas header files.
- exceptions are out, see https://stackoverflow.com/questions/1736146/why-is-exception-handling-bad
- std::thread and std::mutex are in, at least for writing new frontends, but see discussion of "cannot use c++11". (maybe replace ss_mutex_xxx() with out own std::mutex look-alike).
- heavy use of templates and heavy use of argument overloading is out - just by looking at the code, impossible to tell what function will be called
- "auto" is on probation. I need to know if "auto v=f()" is an integer or a double when I write "auto w=v/2" or "auto w=v/2.0". see 
https://softwareengineering.stackexchange.com/questions/180216/does-auto-make-c-code-harder-to-understand
- unreadable gibberish is out (lambdas, etc)
- C-style malloc()/free() is in. C++ new and delete are okey, but "delete[]" confuses me.
- C-style printf() is in. C++ cout and "<<" gunk provide no way to easily format the output for easy reading.

K.O.
          Reply  16 Apr 2019, Pintaudi Giorgio, Info, switch of MIDAS to C++, how much C++? 
Dear Konstantin,

even if I am still quite young and have only limited experience (but not null), I would like to give my two cents. I have reflected a bit about the C++ issue, also because I am developing a 
brand new MIDAS interface for the WAGASCI-T2K experiment, and I feel that the future of MIDAS could influence the future of our DAQ system, too. I'll start from the conclusions: I completely 
agree with you on a practical level, even if I kind of disagree on an "ethical" level.

What you propose in essence is to migrate the MIDAS core from pure C to a version of C with some fancy C++ features. Let's say a kind of C+ with only one plus. Theoretically speaking, even if 
on the surface C and C++ are very similar, they are completely different languages and require different mindsets (and I am sure that everyone is aware of it). This is the reason why even if I 
would have preferred to develop the MIDAS frontend for our experiment in C++, I have chosen to stick to pure C because I feel that MIDAS is still very C-like in its architecture (or from what 
I can see from the documentation). So I wanted to "keep on track" for better internal coherence. What I mean is that, if someone told me to port a C project of mine to C++, I would end up 
rewriting it almost completely, instead of just modifying it (I really don't know how much of the MIDAS core has been written with C++ in mind, so if a large part of it is already C++-like, 
please ignore my comment above).

Anyway, on a practical level, I completely agree with your approach, because I imagine that a complete rewrite of MIDAS is off the table but, at the same time, some new C++ features like 
better string and vector handling are very tempting to use. Moreover, in general, physicists are more familiar with the C syntax than with the C++ one (but thanks to ROOT that is changing). As 
for the use of MIDAS in embedded devices, I have no experience so I refrain from judging. So, in the particular case of MIDAS, what you propose is probably the best and only option.

As far as the C++ standard to adopt, I would say that the C++11 standard is the best fit for the T2K experiment since the official OS for T2K is CentOS7 and, out of the box, it supports C++11 
only. Anyway, I acknowledge that there are many other experiments and requirements. For the records, I do development on Ubuntu 18.04.

Best regards
Giorgio
          Reply  17 Apr 2019, John M O'Donnell, Info, switch of MIDAS to C++, how much C++? 
some semi-random thoughts:

no templates strictly means you can't use std::string, std::vector etc.

printf is in any case part of C++ (#include <cstdio>), but std::ostreams can be faster (for std::cout, endl line causes buffer flushing, whereas "\n" does not flush the buffer but printf
always flushes the buffer), and formatting is possible (though very long winded).  printf does not allow to print things other than simple data, e.g. BANK_HEADER* bh; printf( "%?", *bh);

I've been writing all our DAQ code in C++ for a while now.

> > >
> > > With the removal of the requirement to make it possible to write MIDAS frontends in C, we can switch the MIDAS 
> > > default build to C++ and start using C++ features in the MIDAS API (std::string, std::vector, etc).
> > > 
> 
> C++ is a big animal. Obviously we want to use std::string, std::vector and similar improvements over plain C (we already use "//" for comments).
> 
> But in keeping with the Camel's nose fable (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camel%27s_nose), there are some parts of C++ we definitely do not want to use in MIDAS. Even the C++ FAQ talks 
> about "evil features", see https://isocpp.org/wiki/faq/big-picture#use-evil-things-sometimes
> 
> Here is my list of things to use and to avoid. Comments on this are very welcome - as everybody's experience with C++ is different (and everybody's experience is very valuable and very 
> welcome).
> 
> - std::string, std:vector, etc are in. I am already using them in the MIDAS API (midas.h)
> - extern "C" is out, everything has to be C++, will remove "extern "C"" from all midas header files.
> - exceptions are out, see https://stackoverflow.com/questions/1736146/why-is-exception-handling-bad
> - std::thread and std::mutex are in, at least for writing new frontends, but see discussion of "cannot use c++11". (maybe replace ss_mutex_xxx() with out own std::mutex look-alike).
> - heavy use of templates and heavy use of argument overloading is out - just by looking at the code, impossible to tell what function will be called
> - "auto" is on probation. I need to know if "auto v=f()" is an integer or a double when I write "auto w=v/2" or "auto w=v/2.0". see 
> https://softwareengineering.stackexchange.com/questions/180216/does-auto-make-c-code-harder-to-understand
> - unreadable gibberish is out (lambdas, etc)
> - C-style malloc()/free() is in. C++ new and delete are okey, but "delete[]" confuses me.
> - C-style printf() is in. C++ cout and "<<" gunk provide no way to easily format the output for easy reading.
> 
> K.O.
             Reply  22 Apr 2019, Pintaudi Giorgio, Info, switch of MIDAS to C++, how much C++? example.cpp
Dear Konstantin and others,
our recent discussion stimulated my curiosity and I wrote a small frontend for the trigger board of our experiment in C++.
The underlying hardware details are not relevant here. I would just like to briefly report and discuss what I found out.

I have written all the frontend files (but the bus driver) in C++11:
  • my_frontend.cpp
  • driver/class/my_class_driver.cpp
  • driver/device/my_device_driver.cpp

All went quite smoothly, but I feel that the overall structure is still very C-like (that may be a good thing or a bad thing depending on the point of view).
As far as I know, the MIDAS frontend mfe.c has still only the C version (I couldn't find any mfe.cxx). This means that all the points of contact between the MIDAS frontend code and the user
frontend code must be C compatible (no C++ features or name mangling). To accomplish this I needed to slightly modify the midas.h header file like this:
@@ -1141,7 +1141,13 @@ typedef struct eqpmnt {
+#ifdef __cplusplus
+extern "C" {
+#endif
 INT device_driver(DEVICE_DRIVER *device_driver, INT cmd, ...);
+#ifdef __cplusplus
+}
+#endif

I also tested the new strcomb1 function and it seems to work OK.

I have attached a source file to show how I implemented the device driver in C++. The code is not meant to be compilable: it is just to show how I implemented it. This is the most C++-like syntax that I could come out with. Feel free to comment it and if you think that it could be improved let me know.

Best Regards
Giorgio
                Reply  23 Apr 2019, Konstantin Olchanski, Info, switch of MIDAS to C++, how much C++? 
> Dear Konstantin and others, our recent discussion stimulated my curiosity and I wrote a small frontend for the trigger board of our 
experiment in C++.

Yay!

> my_frontend.cpp

In MIDAS we are using .cxx, not .cpp, per ROOT coding convention https://root.cern.ch/coding-conventions

> the overall structure is still very C-like

this is object-oriented programming done in C. (actually C++ looks exactly the same if you look behind the curtain)

right now we do not hope to rewrite the slow control class driver framework in C++, but if somebody does it,
we should be happy to add it to midas.

for the mfe.c framework, I have a new C++ class based frontend framework in development (and already in use
in the ALPHA-g experiment at CERN). There is a number of lose ends to polish befire I can add it to midas.
And as usual the last 10% of the work consume 90% of the time.

> the MIDAS frontend mfe.c has still only the C version (I couldn't find any mfe.cxx). 
> This means that all the points of contact between the MIDAS frontend code and the user frontend code must be C compatible
> (no C++ features or name mangling).

this will change with the switch to C++, mfe.c will become mfe.cxx and I shall add the required definitions to mfe.h (or midas.h, TBD)

> To accomplish this I needed to slightly modify the midas.h header file like this:
> +#ifdef __cplusplus
> +extern "C" {
> +#endif
>  INT device_driver(DEVICE_DRIVER *device_driver, INT cmd, ...);

I intend for all "extern "C"" to go away, everything will use the C++ linkage (and name mangling). This will break existing frontends
and I will need to write clear instructions on converting them to the new scheme.

> I also tested the new strcomb1 function and it seems to work OK.

good.

> I have attached a source file to show how I implemented the device driver in C++

Yup, looks familiar, I have a couple of C++ frontends written like this, too.

K.O.
       Reply  11 May 2019, Konstantin Olchanski, Info, switch of MIDAS to C++, which C++? 
> [which c++]
> 
> - Linux RHEL/SL/CentOS6 - gcc 4.4.7, no C++11.
> - Linux RHEL/SL/CentOS7 - gcc 4.8.5, full C++11, no C++14, no C++17
>

The construct I now always use:

class X {
int a = 0; // do not leave data members uninitialized, see "Non-static data member initializers", N2756 and N2628
}

is only available starting from gcc 4.7, see https://gcc.gnu.org/projects/cxx-status.html

Another nail into the coffin of "pre c++11" c++ and el < el7.

Hmm...

K.O.
    Reply  22 May 2019, Konstantin Olchanski, Info, switch of MIDAS to C++ 
> switch MIDAS to C++

switch to C++ will proceed as follows:

- create a new branch off develop (feature/switch_to_cxx)
- remove all extern "C", ifdef c++, etc
- switch Makefile from gcc to g++
- test
- merge into develop
- before merge, tag the last "C" midas
- cut a new release branch (tentatively feature/midas-2019-06)

the last recommended "pre-C++" midas will remain the midas-2019-03 release (where we can retroactively apply bug fixes, as I just did a few minutes ago).

K.O.
       Reply  05 Jun 2019, Konstantin Olchanski, Info, MIDAS switched to C++ 
The last bits of code to switch MIDAS to C++ have been committed, see tag midas-2019-05-cxx.

Since the cmake conversion is still in progress, for now, I recommend using the old "make" build for trying this update.

From the switch to C++, the biggest change is the requirement that frontend programs be build and linked
using the C++ compiler. Since mfe.o and the rest of MIDAS are built with C++, building frontends
with C is no longer possible.

To help with this, I will post a short guide for converting C frontends to C++.

K.O.
          Reply  17 May 2022, Razvan Stefan Gornea, Info, MIDAS switched to C++ 
Hi, I have three naive questions about this:
 - have you posted somewhere this guide about converting C frontends to C++?
 - it was mentioned previously that there will be a 'tag the last "C" midas', which version is it?
 - it means that even a simple example like odb_test.c cannot be compile anymore? Even when using g++?

Something like

g++ -I $HOME/daq/packages/midas/include/ -L $HOME/daq/packages/midas/lib/ odb_test.c -l midas

is expected to fail or is just me glitching? Is it because of thread library differences?

Thanks!


> The last bits of code to switch MIDAS to C++ have been committed, see tag midas-2019-05-cxx.
> 
> Since the cmake conversion is still in progress, for now, I recommend using the old "make" build for trying this update.
> 
> From the switch to C++, the biggest change is the requirement that frontend programs be build and linked
> using the C++ compiler. Since mfe.o and the rest of MIDAS are built with C++, building frontends
> with C is no longer possible.
> 
> To help with this, I will post a short guide for converting C frontends to C++.
> 
> K.O.
             Reply  17 May 2022, Konstantin Olchanski, Info, MIDAS switched to C++ 
> Hi, I have three naive questions about this:

all good questions, ask more of them.

>  - have you posted somewhere this guide about converting C frontends to C++?

yes, in this elog here I posted a guide for converting C mfe.c frontends to C++ and
a guide for converting mfe.c frontend to C++ TMFE frontend. please use the "find" function,
if you cannot find them, let me know, I will look for it for you.

>  - it was mentioned previously that there will be a 'tag the last "C" midas', which version is it?

correct. please run "git tag", tags before "midas-2019-05-cxx"is "C", after is "C++".

>  - it means that even a simple example like odb_test.c cannot be compile anymore? Even when using g++?
> g++ -I $HOME/daq/packages/midas/include/ -L $HOME/daq/packages/midas/lib/ odb_test.c -l midas
> is expected to fail or is just me glitching? Is it because of thread library differences?

yes, it is expected to fail, you have spaces after "-I", "-L" and "-l", incorrect g++ command syntax. after
correcting this, it may or may not work depending on what you have inside odb_test.c. I would be happy
to help you debug this, but please start a separate thread instead of necroposting into the C++ announcements.

K.O.
                Reply  17 May 2022, Ben Smith, Info, MIDAS switched to C++ 
>  - have you posted somewhere this guide about converting C frontends to C++?

There's documentation in the wiki at:
https://daq00.triumf.ca/MidasWiki/index.php/Changelog#2019-06

It includes a step-by-step guide of how to upgrade, what changes need to be made to frontends, and common issues that people had.
Entry  08 May 2022, Stefan Ritt, Info, RO_STOPPED with triggered events 
We had issues in one of our experiment that people used RO_STOPPED in the 
equipment list together with triggered events (EQ_USER). If events are sent when 
a run is stopped, this leads to many unexpected results, so I added a check in 
the mfe.cxx code which prevents RO_STOPPED (or RO_ALWAYS which includes 
RO_STOPPED) together with EQ_TRIGGERED, EQ_INTERRUPT, EQ_MULTITHREAD and EQ_USER 
type of events.

I got now complaints that some old front-end are not running any more since they 
do use RO_ALWAYS together with triggered events. Can the author of these frontend 
please tell me the rationale why this is needed, then I can maybe add a better 
fix for that.

Stefan
    Reply  08 May 2022, Konstantin Olchanski, Info, RO_STOPPED with triggered events 
> some old front-end are not running any more since they do use RO_ALWAYS together with 
triggered events.

I confirm, if you have mfe.c frontends that have RO_ALWAYS, after you update MIDAS, 
some of these frontends will fail to start.
https://bitbucket.org/tmidas/midas/commits/1961af0d657e4f76ab9db17f9b70c0c492172b6d

tmfe c++ frontends do not have this restriction but by default only read data when run 
is active (per-equipment fEqConfReadOnlyWhenRunning default is true).

K.O.
       Reply  16 May 2022, Konstantin Olchanski, Info, RO_STOPPED with triggered events 
> > some old front-end are not running any more since they do use RO_ALWAYS together with 
> triggered events.
> 
> I confirm, if you have mfe.c frontends that have RO_ALWAYS, after you update MIDAS, 
> some of these frontends will fail to start.
> https://bitbucket.org/tmidas/midas/commits/1961af0d657e4f76ab9db17f9b70c0c492172b6d
> 
> tmfe c++ frontends do not have this restriction but by default only read data when run 
> is active (per-equipment fEqConfReadOnlyWhenRunning default is true).

As of commit 
https://bitbucket.org/tmidas/midas/commits/28d9c96bd6d4f65346ebcd6a04492ea764c90823 mfe.c 
frontends will no longer fail to start. an error will still be issued "Equipment \"%s\" 
contains RO_STOPPED or RO_ALWAYS. This can lead to undesired side-effect and should be 
removed."

BTW 1:

Some of our old frontends use EQ_MULTITHREAD to implement multithreaded periodic equipments. 
They do not generate any events when there is no run (some of them do not generate any 
events at all). Now they will start printing this error message, for no reason. (no we will 
not be rewriting them justy to get rid of this message. life is too short).

BTW 2:

the c++ tmfe frontend does not have any protections against these "undersired side-effects".

What are these undesired side effects and should we add protection against them?

K.O.
          Reply  17 May 2022, Stefan Ritt, Info, RO_STOPPED with triggered events 
> > > some old front-end are not running any more since they do use RO_ALWAYS together with 
> > triggered events.
> > 
> > I confirm, if you have mfe.c frontends that have RO_ALWAYS, after you update MIDAS, 
> > some of these frontends will fail to start.
> > https://bitbucket.org/tmidas/midas/commits/1961af0d657e4f76ab9db17f9b70c0c492172b6d
> > 
> > tmfe c++ frontends do not have this restriction but by default only read data when run 
> > is active (per-equipment fEqConfReadOnlyWhenRunning default is true).
> 
> As of commit 
> https://bitbucket.org/tmidas/midas/commits/28d9c96bd6d4f65346ebcd6a04492ea764c90823 mfe.c 
> frontends will no longer fail to start. an error will still be issued "Equipment \"%s\" 
> contains RO_STOPPED or RO_ALWAYS. This can lead to undesired side-effect and should be 
> removed."
> 
> BTW 1:
> 
> Some of our old frontends use EQ_MULTITHREAD to implement multithreaded periodic equipments. 
> They do not generate any events when there is no run (some of them do not generate any 
> events at all). Now they will start printing this error message, for no reason. (no we will 
> not be rewriting them justy to get rid of this message. life is too short).
> 
> BTW 2:
> 
> the c++ tmfe frontend does not have any protections against these "undersired side-effects".
> 
> What are these undesired side effects and should we add protection against them?
> 
> K.O.

The undesired side-effects are the following: The logger tries to collect all events at the end of 
the run by emptying the SYSTEM buffer. If events keep coming after the run is stopped, this loop in 
the logger might be an endless loop, crashing the whole experiment in the end. 

Another issue (and actually the reason for this change) is the funciton receive_trigger_event() in 
mfe.cxx which will get confused if events are still coming in after a run has been stopped and 
actually enters an infinite loop.

Combining EQ_MULTITHREAD with EQ_PERIODIC or EQ_SLOW is a wrong parameter combination as written in 
the documentation. If one wants to have multi-threaded slow control events, one has to use the 
DF_MULTITHREAD flag in the DEVICE_DRIVER structure.

Having triggered events being sent to the system after a run has been stopped I would consider 
simply wrong. Why should we ever use a run start/stop if events are always flowing? Adding 
protections in all places for this case is certainly much more work than just changing one flag for 
frontends which produce this error message now for a wrong parameter combination.
Entry  24 Apr 2022, Konstantin Olchanski, Bug Fix, mserver buffer overrun and crash 
There is a memory allocation bug in the mserver.

ALIGN8() was missing when receiving events from the event socket and data buffer 
was allocated 4 bytes too short. but only for some received events and only in 
very unlucky sequence of received events. result was a rare but obnoxious crash 
of fevme frontend in alpha-2 at CERN. (we do not see any crash from this in 
alpha-g or anywhere else, the best I can tell).

fixed in commit 4dc06ba47ff7caa5251fd8c48d8533f35799f3a6.

If you use the mserver, please update to this commit or apply following patch in 
midas.cxx:

-   int bufsize = sizeof(INT) + event_size;
+   int bufsize = sizeof(INT) + total_size;

K.O.
    Reply  16 May 2022, Konstantin Olchanski, Bug Fix, mserver buffer overrun and crash 
> There is a memory allocation bug in the mserver.

Fix for this problem introduced a new problem, an infinite loop in bm_flush_cache, 
bitbucket bugs https://bitbucket.org/tmidas/midas/issues/339/infinite-loop-in-
mserver-due-to-mfes and https://bitbucket.org/tmidas/midas/issues/331/stuck-
semaphore-of-system-buffer

This is now fixed and the buffer write cache logic and size was rejigged
according to calculations in https://daq00.triumf.ca/elog-midas/Midas/2401

Event buffer write cache (as set via ODB Equipment/Common and via 
bm_set_cache_size()) now take 2 possible values:
0 - write cache is disabled and
MIN_WRITE_CACHE_SIZE - (10 Mbytes) minimum permitted cache size
bigger cache size values are permitted, up to buffer_size/3, but probably not useful 
if my calculations are right.
smaller cache size values are generally not useful, if my calculations are right.

mfe.c and tmfe c++ frontends updated to request the new write cache size by default.

if events are getting stuck in the write cache for too long, instead of reducing the 
cache size, one should increase frequency of bm_flush_cache() calls (1/sec by 
default).

commit 373bcc3ab7f83c3c7bf6c051c237de043a982502

K.O.
Entry  13 May 2022, Konstantin Olchanski, Info, analysis of corner cases in event buffer write cache 
introduction:

to remember, bm_send_event() writes an event to the write cache, bm_flush_cache() 
writes the contents of the write cache into the shared memory event buffer, buffer 
free space is consumed. in the usual case, mlogger is reading events from the shared 
memory event buffer, buffer free space is released. there is also a read cache, not 
part of this discussion.

the purpose of the write cache is to reduce contention for the shared memory 
semaphore. in the case of large number of small events, semaphore is locked per 
cache-flush, instead of per-event. correct tuning of write cache and event size can 
reduce lock rate from >100 kHz to around 100 Hz or lower.

analysis:

for correct operation of bm_send_event() under all conditions we need to consider 
all corner cases:

1) no write cache: (cache size set to 0)

- event_size > buffer_size -> reject the event (obviously)
- event_size > 0.5 * buffer_size -> only 1 event fits into the buffer, next write 
will stall until mlogger reads the previous event (sequential operation, bad)
- event_size < 0.3 * buffer_size -> at least 2 events fit into the buffer (good)

decision: limit event size to 0.5 to 0.3 * buffer_size (current limit is 0.5 * 
buffer_size, I think).

consequence: buffer size limit is 2 Gbytes (32-bit byte offsets, code is only 31-
bit-clean), max event size is between 1 Gbytes and 0.6 Gbytes.

2) writing to write cache:

- event_size > cache_size -> flush cache, write event to directly to buffer
- event_size > 0.5 * cache_size -> inefficient use of cache: write to cache, next 
event does not fit, flush to buffer, repeat. no gain in semaphore locking (bad), one 
additional memcpy() (event to cache and cache to buffer) (bad)
- event_size < 0.3 * cache_size -> multiple events fit into cache, but probably no 
gain in semaphore locking

decision: events that are bigger than 0.3 to 0.1 * cache_size should not go through 
the cache. (flush cache, write directly to buffer).

3) flush write cache to buffer:

- cache_size > buffer_size -> cannot flush in 1 operation, must have a loop and 
flush the cache in pieces
- cache_size between 0.5 and 1.0 * buffer_size -> can flush in 1 operation, but must 
wait for mlogger to fully empty the buffer (sequential operation, bad)
- cache size < 0.3 * buffer_size -> can flush in 1 operation, at least 2 "flushes" 
fit inside the buffer (good)

decision: limit write cache size to 0.3 * buffer_size. (current limit is 
0.25*buffer_size).

consequences:

- write cache size limit is 0.3..0.25 * 2GB = 0.6..0.5 Gbytes
- cached event size limit is 0.3..0.1 * 0.5 GBytes = 150..50 Mbytes
- minimum number of cached events: 3 to 10
- semaphore locks reduced: 3 to 10 locks become 1 lock (all events cached),
4 to 11 locks become 2 locks (big event causes cache flush).

4) complications:

- there is a periodic 1/second bm_flush_cache() that flushes the cache early and 
reduces it's efficiency (but needed to avoid having data stuck in cache for long 
time)
- if multiple frontends use large write cache (~ 0.3..0.5 * buffer_size), again, 
sequential operation can happen (bad)
- write cache is per-frontend, not per-equipment. if different equipments request 
different cache sizes, mfe.c and tmfe c++ frontends complain about this, but the 
user has to sort it out.

K.O.
    Reply  16 May 2022, Konstantin Olchanski, Info, analysis of corner cases in event buffer write cache 
> for correct operation of bm_send_event() under all conditions we need to ...

to continue computation from last message:

default SYSTEM buffer size: 32 MiBytes
default max event size: 4 MiBytes

hard max buffer size: 2 Gbytes (code is only 31-bit-clean)
hard max event size: 2 Gbytes (code is only 31-bit-clean)

max event size currently: 32 Mbytes (same as buffer size)
max event size per (1) in previous post: 32*0.5..0.3 = 16..9 MiBytes

number of default-max-size events buffered: 32/4 = 8.
number of per (1) max-size events buffered: 2 or 3
number of current max-size events buffered: 0 (bad, frontend is serialized with mlogger)

default write cache size: 100 kbytes

max write cache size currently: buffer size / 4 = 32/4 = 8 MiBytes
max write cache size per (3) in previous post: buffer_size / 3 = 10 Mbytes
hard max write cache size per (3): 2 Gbytes/3 = 600 Mbytes

max size of cached events:

current: 100 kbytes (size as cache size)
per (2) in previous post: 0.1..0.3 * cache size = 10..30 kbytes
per (2), 1 Mbyte cahe: 0.1..0.3 * cache size = 100..300 kbytes
hard max size: 0.1..0.3 * hard_max_cache_size = 0.1..0.3 * 600 = 60..180 Mbytes.

max data rate before event buffer semaphore locking rate exceeds 100 Hz:

1 kbyte events, no write cache: 100 kbytes/sec
1 kbyte events, 100 kbyte cache: 100 events cached, cache flush rate 100 Hz -> 100*1kbyte*100Hz -> 10 Mbytes/sec
1 kbyte events, 1 Mbyte cache: 1000 events cached, cache flush rate 100 Hz -> 100 Mbytes/sec (1gige ethernet)
N kbyte events, 1 Mbyte cache: same thing (data rate is limited by cache flush rate 100 Hz)
100 kbyte events, 1 Mbyte cache, not cached per (2): 100kbyte*100Hz = 10 Mbytes/sec
300 kbyte events, 1 Mbyte cache, not cached per (2): 300kbyte*100Hz = 30 Mbytes/sec
N00 kbyte events: N0 Mbytes/sec (500->50, etc)
1 kbyte events, 10 Mbyte cache: 10000 events cached, cache flush rate 100 Hz -> 1000 Mbytes/sec (10gige ethernet)
N kbyte events, 10 Mbyte cache: same thing (data rate is limited by cache flush rate 100 Hz)
1000 kbyte events, 10 Mbyte cache, not cached per (2): 1000kbyte*100Hz = 100 Mbytes/sec
3000 kbyte events, 10 Mbyte cache, not cached per (2): 3000kbyte*100Hz = 300 Mbytes/sec
N000 kbyte events: N00 Mbytes/sec (4000->400, 5000->500, etc)
default max event size: 4 Mibytes*100Hz = 400 Mbytes/sec (exceeds 1gige ethernet)
hard max event size (divided by 10 to buffer 10 events): 200 Mbytes*100Hz -> 20 Gbytes/sec

max event rate before event buffer semaphore locking rate exceeds 100 Hz:

1 kbyte events, no write cache: 100 Hz (obviously)
1 kbyte events, 100 kbyte cache: 100 events cached, cache flush rate 100 Hz -> 10 kHz
1 kbyte events, 1 Mbyte cache: 1000 events cached, cache flush rate 100 Hz -> 100 kHz
N kbyte events, 1 Mbyte cache: 1000/N events cached, cache flush rate 100 Hz -> 100/N kHz
1 kbyte events, 10 Mbyte cache: 10000 events cached, cache flush rate 100 Hz -> 1000 kHz
N kbyte events, 10 Mbyte cache: 10000/N events cached, cache flush rate 100 Hz -> 1000/N kHz
100 kbyte events, not cached per (2): 100 Hz (obviously)
300 kbyte events, not cached per (2): 100 Hz (obviously)
default max event size: 100 Hz (obviously)

K.O.
       Reply  16 May 2022, Konstantin Olchanski, Info, analysis of corner cases in event buffer write cache 
> > for correct operation of bm_send_event() under all conditions we need to ...
> to continue computation from last message:

if I got my numbers right, for present-day hardware (1gige/10gige data rates, 100 Hz max locking rate), we should 
increase the default buffer write cache size from 100 kbytes to 10 Mbytes.

this cache size will permit processing of the full mix of small/big events
at the full mix of event rates without exceeding the 100 Hz semaphore locking rate.

with the 10 Mbyte write cache, default event buffer size should be 30-40 Mbytes (current size is 33 Mbytes, so does 
not need to change).

this computation is for 1 writer (1 reader, mlogger). it is a typical case for our experiments.

multiple writers can run into contention for event buffer space.

consider 10 writers want to flush their 10 Mbyte write cache all at the same time:

if buffer size is the default 33 Mbytes, the first 3 writers will have successful write cache flush,
but the other 7 will stall, there is no space in the buffer, we have to wait for mlogger to free
some (mlogger writing X Mbytes/sec will take Y milliseconds to liberate 10 Mbytes of space for the 4th writer
to successfully flush, writers 5..10 are still stalled).

but in a system with 10 writers writing at 10 Mbytes/sec (1 Hz default cache flush rate) is 100 Mbytes/sec
will likely have SYSTEM buffer size at least 200-300 Mbytes (to buffer 1-2 seconds of data against
any delays in writing to disk/network storage).

so there should be no problem in practice.

K.O.
Entry  06 May 2022, Stefan Ritt, Info, Increased timeout for program shut down 
We had the problem in our lab that a frontend took about 6 seconds to gracefully 
shut down, mainly it needed to park some motors. I found that the shutdown command 
had a hard-coded timeout of 5 seconds, after which the frontend gets killed, and 
cannot finish the park operation. I change the code so that the client timeout 
stored in the ODB is taken instead of the hard-coded 5 seconds. This allows each 
client to fine-tune its timeout, to allow graceful shutdown, but also not let the 
user wait too long if the client gets stuck and needs a hard kill.

The default timeout for mfe.cxx based frontends has been changed to 10 seconds 
now, but in the frontend_init function this can be changed by the user code 
easily.

I hope this char does not trigger any bad side effects, but if it does, please 
report here.

Stefan
Entry  04 May 2022, Konstantin Olchanski, Bug Fix, mysql history update 
the code for writing midas history to mysql has been updated to work against 
MYSQL 8.0.23 (CERN ALPHA-2):

- as ever mysql reports inconsistent data types (I create column with type 
"integer", mysql reports it has type "int" and so forth), the special kludge to 
take care of this had to be tweaked.

- this caused some columns to be marked "inactive" and the code to "reactivate" 
them was missing (fixed)

- binary history event data size was computed incorrectly for events with 
"inactive" columns (fixed) and caused assert() failure and mlogger crash.

- mysql read of column definitions for history event "system" (as in 
/history/links/system) bombed because of incorrect quoting (worked before, why? 
why bombed now?). this caused duplicate columns to be created in mysql table 
"system" and mlogger bomb-out with complaint about "duplicated columns" 
(actually the error message was missing, so it was a silent bomb-out). quoting 
fixed, missing error message fixed, but cleanup of duplicate columns has to be 
done by hand. in case of alpha-2 the fix was to remove the unused 
/history/links/system).

if you are using mysql history please update or patch src/history_schema.cxx.

commit 9d17d2fef233cf457121ca7c2a283c4c76ed33bc

K.O.
Entry  30 Apr 2022, Konstantin Olchanski, Info, added web pages for "show odb clients" and "show open records" 
for a long time, midas web pages have been missing the equivalent of odbedit 
"scl" and "sor" to display current odb clients and current odb open records.

this is now added as buttons "show open records" and "show odb clients" in the 
odb editor page.

as in odbedit, "sor" shows open records under the current subtree, i.e. if you 
are looking at /equipment, you will not see open records for /experiment. to see 
all open records, go to "/".

commit b1ab7e67ecf785744fff092708d8389f222b14a4

K.O.
    Reply  04 May 2022, Stefan Ritt, Info, added web pages for "show odb clients" and "show open records" 
Concerning the "scl" page, we are currently having a discussion. At the moment, one can 
see midas clients in three different places:

1) the main status page at the bottom, only names and hosts are there

2) the programs page, where one can also start/stop program

3) now the new page "Show ODB clients" in the ODB editor page, which shows also the 
alive status, PID and timeout

I'm thinking that three locations are two too much, so we are considering to merge the 
tree pages into one. That would mean that 1) goes away, and the "Programs" page will 
show more information. We have some rare cases that programs are removed from 
/System/Clients in the ODB but still attached to the ODB. For those "zombies" we would 
add a "hard kill" function.

I would like to hear feedback from the midas community before we proceed with the 
plans. Anybody desperately in need of the programs shown on the status page?

Best,
Stefan
Entry  01 May 2022, Konstantin Olchanski, Info, added web page for "mdump" 
added JSON RPC for bm_receive_event() and added a web page for "mdump".

the event dump is a hex dump for now.

if somebody can contribute a javascript decoder for midas bank format, it would be greatly appreciated.

otherwise, I will eventually write my own decoder library patterned on midasio.h and midasio.cxx.

as of commit 5882d55d1f5bbbdb0d9238ada639e63ac27d8825
K.O.
    Reply  01 May 2022, Konstantin Olchanski, Info, added web page for "mdump" 
> added JSON RPC for bm_receive_event()

there is a number of problems with implementing bm_receive_event() as a RPC:

1) mhttpd has only event buffer 1 read pointer for all javascript connections, if two browser tabs are 
running mdump, they will "steal" events from each other.
2) javascript connections are state-less and we cannot specify per-connection event_id and trigger_mask 
filters to bm_receive_event(). our bm_request_event() has to be for all event_id and all trigger_mask.
3) for same reason, we cannot have some requests to be GET_ALL, some to be GET_RECENT and some to be 
GET_OLD (if GET_OLD is ever implemented).

Problem (1) is hard to fix. Only solution I can see is to have mhttpd have it's own event buffer that can 
somehow track which events have been sent to which javascript connection.

The same scheme allows implementing GET_ALL and per-connection event_id and trigger_mask filters.

The difficulty is in detecting javascript connections that are no longer active and it's event request and 
events we have buffered for it can be deleted. Unlike proper rpc clients, javascript browser tabs can be 
closed without warning and without opportunity to tell rpc server that they are closed, gone.

K.O.
    Reply  01 May 2022, Konstantin Olchanski, Info, added web page for "mdump" 
> added a web page for "mdump".

missing functions:
- get a list of existing event buffers (should read event buffer names from /Experiment/Buffer sizes)
- selector box to select event buffer
- button for "get next" and "get new" (should call bm_skip_event() before bm_receive_event())
- entry fields for event_id and trigger_mask event filter
- check box for "keep getting new data" and entry field for update frequency
- (eventually) entry field for bank name filter

K.O.
       Reply  02 May 2022, Stefan Ritt, Info, added web page for "mdump" 
Here are some of my thoughts:

- I volunteer to write the JavaScript midas bank decoder. Just a couple of pure javascript functions, no 
midasio.cxx library needed.

- If different javascript connections "steal" events from each other, I would not be concerned. Actually I 
would rather like that all connections see the SAME event. So mhttpd keeps one event, serves it to all 
links, so displays are consistent. If a browser wants to see the "next" event, it send the old serial 
number and days "please send next event AFTER serial number". If the serial number is larger than the 
event in the buffer, mhttpd fetches a new event and puts it into its buffer.

- Since javascript connections are connectionless, I would rather pass event_id and trigger_mask with each 
request. Then mhttpd can retrieve events until event_id and trigger_mask match, then serve that event. 
Since reading events from a midas buffer is fast (many 10'000s of events per second), the won't be much of 
a delay.

- GET_ALL does not make sense for browsers, you don't want to slow down any frontend. If someone wants to 
do histogramming in the browser, then GET_SOME (which is kind of GET_OLD) would make sense, but most of 
the cases we have some single event display, and there a GET_RECENT is most appropriate.
Entry  30 Apr 2022, Giovanni Mazzitelli, Forum, S3 Object Storage 
Dear all,
We are storing raw MIDAS files to S3 Object Storage, but MIDAS file are not 
optimised for readout from such kind of storage. There is any work around on 
evolution of midas raw output or, beyond simulated posix fs,  to develop midas 
python library optimised to stream data from S3 (is not really clear to me if this 
is possible).
    Reply  30 Apr 2022, Konstantin Olchanski, Forum, S3 Object Storage 
> We are storing raw MIDAS files to S3 Object Storage, but MIDAS file are not 
> optimised for readout from such kind of storage. There is any work around on 
> evolution of midas raw output or, beyond simulated posix fs,  to develop midas 
> python library optimised to stream data from S3 (is not really clear to me if this 
> is possible).

We have plans for adding S3 object storage support to lazylogger, but have not gotten 
around to it yet.

We do not plan to add this in mlogger. mlogger works well for writing data to locally-
attached storage (local ext4, XFS, ZFS) but always runs into problems with timeouts and 
delays when writing to anything network-attached (even writing to NFS).

I envision that each midas raw data file (mid.gz or mid.lz4 or mid.bz2) will
be stored as an S3 object and there will be some kind of directory object
to map object ids to run and subrun numbers.

Choice of best file size is open, normally we use subruns to limit file size to 1-2 
Gbytes. If cloud storage prefers some other object size, we can easily to up to 10 
Gbytes and down to "a few megabytes" (ODB dumps will have to be turned off for this).

Other than that, in your view, what else is needed to optimize midas files for storage 
in the Amazon S3 could?

P.S. For reading files from the cloud, code needs to be written and added to 
midasio/midasio.cxx, for example, see the code that is already there for reading ssh-
attached files and dcache/dccp-attached files. (CERN EOS files can be read directly 
from POSIX mount point /eos).

K.O.
       Reply  01 May 2022, Giovanni Mazzitelli, Forum, S3 Object Storage 
> > We are storing raw MIDAS files to S3 Object Storage, but MIDAS file are not 
> > optimised for readout from such kind of storage. There is any work around on 
> > evolution of midas raw output or, beyond simulated posix fs,  to develop midas 
> > python library optimised to stream data from S3 (is not really clear to me if this 
> > is possible).
> 
> We have plans for adding S3 object storage support to lazylogger, but have not gotten 
> around to it yet.
> 
> We do not plan to add this in mlogger. mlogger works well for writing data to locally-
> attached storage (local ext4, XFS, ZFS) but always runs into problems with timeouts and 
> delays when writing to anything network-attached (even writing to NFS).
> 
> I envision that each midas raw data file (mid.gz or mid.lz4 or mid.bz2) will
> be stored as an S3 object and there will be some kind of directory object
> to map object ids to run and subrun numbers.
> 
> Choice of best file size is open, normally we use subruns to limit file size to 1-2 
> Gbytes. If cloud storage prefers some other object size, we can easily to up to 10 
> Gbytes and down to "a few megabytes" (ODB dumps will have to be turned off for this).
> 
> Other than that, in your view, what else is needed to optimize midas files for storage 
> in the Amazon S3 could?
> 
> P.S. For reading files from the cloud, code needs to be written and added to 
> midasio/midasio.cxx, for example, see the code that is already there for reading ssh-
> attached files and dcache/dccp-attached files. (CERN EOS files can be read directly 
> from POSIX mount point /eos).
> 
> K.O.

thanks, 
actually a I made a small work around with python boto3 library with file of any size (with 
the obviously limitation of opportunity and time to wait) eg:

key = 'TMP/run00060.mid.gz'

aws_session = creds.assumed_session("infncloud-iam")
s3 = aws_session.client('s3', endpoint_url="https://minio.cloud.infn.it/", 
                        config=boto3.session.Config(signature_version='s3v4'),verify=True)

s3_obj = s3.get_object(Bucket='cygno-data',Key=key)
buf = BytesIO(s3_obj["Body"]._raw_stream.data)

for event in MidasSream(gzip.GzipFile(fileobj=buf)):
    if event.header.is_midas_internal_event():
        print("Saw a special event")
        continue

    bank_names = ", ".join(b.name for b in event.banks.values())
    print("Event # %s of type ID %s contains banks %s" % (event.header.serial_number, 
event.header.event_id, bank_names))
    ....


where in MidasSream I just bypass the open, and the code work, but obviously in this way I 
need to have all the buffer in memory and it take time get all the buffer. I was interested to 
understand if some one have already develop the stream event by event (better in python but 
not mandatory). I'll look to the code you underline.
Thanks, G. 
 
Entry  16 Mar 2022, Stefan Ritt, Info, New midas sequencer version 
A new version of the midas sequencer has been developed and now available in the 
develop/seq_eval branch. Many thanks to Lewis Van Winkle and his TinyExpr library 
(https://codeplea.com/tinyexpr), which has now been integrated into the sequencer 
and allow arbitrary Math expressions. Here is a complete list of new features:


* Math is now possible in all expressions, such as "x = $i*3 + sin($y*pi)^2", or 
in "ODBSET /Path/value[$i*2+1], 10"


* "SET <var>,<value>" can be written as "<var>=<value>", but the old syntax is 
still possible.


* There are new functions ODBCREATE and ODBDLETE to create and delete ODB keys, 
including arrays


* Variable arrays are now possible, like "a[5] = 0" and "MESSAGE $a[5]"


If the branch works for us in the next days and I don't get complaints from 
others, I will merge the branch into develop next week.

Stefan
    Reply  22 Mar 2022, Stefan Ritt, Info, New midas sequencer version 
After several days of testing in various experiments, the new sequencer has
been merged into the develop branch. One more feature was added. The path to
the ODB can now contain variables which are substituted with their values.
Instead writing

ODBSET /Equipment/XYZ/Setting/1/Switch, 1
ODBSET /Equipment/XYZ/Setting/2/Switch, 1
ODBSET /Equipment/XYZ/Setting/3/Switch, 1

one can now write

LOOP i, 3
   ODBSET /Equipment/XYZ/Setting/$i/Switch, 1
ENDLOOP

Of course it is not possible for me to test any possible script. So if you 
have issues with the new sequencer, please don't hesitate to report them 
back to me.

Best,
Stefan
       Reply  15 Apr 2022, Stefan Ritt, Info, New midas sequencer version sequencer.pdf
I prepared some slides about the new features of the sequencer and post it here so 
people can have a quick look at get some inspiration.

Stefan
Entry  05 Apr 2013, Konstantin Olchanski, Info, ODB JSON support 
odbedit can now save ODB in JSON-formatted files. (JSON is a popular data encoding standard associated 
with Javascript). The intent is to eventually use the ODB JSON encoder in mhttpd to simplify passing of 
ODB data to custom web pages. In mhttpd I also intend to support the JSON-P variation of JSON (via the 
jQuery "callback=?" notation).

JSON encoding implementation follows specifications at:
http://json.org/
http://www.json-p.org/
http://api.jquery.com/jQuery.getJSON/  (seek to JSONP)

The result passes validation by:
http://jsonlint.com/

Added functions:
   INT EXPRT db_save_json(HNDLE hDB, HNDLE hKey, const char *file_name);
   INT EXPRT db_copy_json(HNDLE hDB, HNDLE hKey, char **buffer, int *buffer_size, int *buffer_end, int 
save_keys, int follow_links);

For example of using this code, see odbedit.c and odb.c::db_save_json().

Example json file:

Notes:
1) hex numbers are quoted "0x1234" - JSON does not permit "hex numbers", but Javascript will 
automatically convert strings containing hex numbers into proper integers.
2) "double" is encoded with full 15 digit precision, "float" with full 7 digit precision. If floating point values 
are actually integers, they are encoded as integers (10.0 -> "10" if (value == (int)value)).
3) in this example I deleted all the "name/key" entries except for "stringvalue" and "sbyte2". I use the 
"/key" notation for ODB KEY data because the "/" character cannot appear inside valid ODB entry names. 
Normally, depending on the setting of "save_keys" argument, KEY data is present or absent for all entries.

ladd03:midas$ odbedit
[local:testexpt:S]/>cd /test
[local:testexpt:S]/test>save test.js
[local:testexpt:S]/test>exit
ladd03:midas$ more test.js
# MIDAS ODB JSON
# FILE test.js
# PATH /test
{
  "test" : {
    "intarr" : [ 15, 0, 0, 3, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 9 ],
    "dblvalue" : 2.2199999999999999e+01,
    "fltvalue" : 1.1100000e+01,
    "dwordvalue" : "0x0000007d",
    "wordvalue" : "0x0141",
    "boolvalue" : true,
    "stringvalue" : [ "aaa123bbb", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "" ],
    "stringvalue/key" : {
      "type" : 12,
      "num_values" : 10,
      "item_size" : 1024,
      "last_written" : 1288592982
    },
    "byte1" : 10,
    "byte2" : 241,
    "char1" : "1",
    "char2" : "-",
    "sbyte1" : 10,
    "sbyte2" : -15,
    "sbyte2/key" : {
      "type" : 2,
      "last_written" : 1365101364
    }
  }
}

svn rev 5356
K.O.
    Reply  10 May 2013, Konstantin Olchanski, Info, mhttpd JSON support 
> odbedit can now save ODB in JSON-formatted files.
> Added functions:
>    INT EXPRT db_save_json(HNDLE hDB, HNDLE hKey, const char *file_name);
>    INT EXPRT db_copy_json(HNDLE hDB, HNDLE hKey, char **buffer, int *buffer_size, int *buffer_end, int  save_keys, int follow_links);
> 

Added JSON encoding format to Javascript ODBCopy() ("jcopy"). Use format="json", Javascript example updated with an example example.

Also updated db_copy_json():
- always return NUL-terminated string
- "save_keys" values: 0 - do not save any KEY data, 1 - save all KEY data, 2 - save only KEY.last_written

odb.c, mhttpd.cxx, example.html
svn rev 5362
K.O.
       Reply  17 May 2013, Konstantin Olchanski, Info, mhttpd JSON-P support 
> 
> Added JSON encoding format to Javascript ODBCopy(path,format) ("jcopy"). Use format="json", Javascript example updated with an example example.
> 

More ODBCopy() expansion: format="json-p" returns data suitable for JSON-P ("script tag") messaging.

Also implemented multiple-paths for "jcopy" (similar to "jget"/ODBMGet()). An example ODBMCopy(paths,callback,format) is present in example.html (will move to mhttpd.js).

Added JSON encoding options:
- format="json-nokeys" will omit all KEY information except for "last_written"
- "json-nokeys-nolastwritten" will also omit "last_written"
- "json-nofollowlinks" will return ODB symlink KEYs instead of following them (ODBGet/ODBMGet always follows symlinks)
- "json-p" adds JSON-P encapsulation
All these JSON format options can be used at the same time, i.e. format="json-p-nofollowlinks"

To see how it all works, please look at examples/javascript1/example.html.

The new code seems to be functional enough, but it is still work in progress and there are a few problems:
- ODBMCopy() using the "xml" format returns gibberish (the MIDAS XML encoder has to be told to omit the <?xml> header)
- example.html does not actually parse any of the XML data, so we do not know if XML encoding is okey
- JSON encoding has an extra layer of objects (variables.Variables.foo instead of variables.foo)
- ODBRpc() with JSON/JSON-P encoding not done yet.

mhttpd.cxx, example.html
svn rev 5364
K.O.
          Reply  31 May 2013, Konstantin Olchanski, Info, mhttpd JSON-P support 
> To see how it all works, please look at examples/javascript1/example.html.
> 
> - JSON encoding has an extra layer of objects (variables.Variables.foo instead of variables.foo)
>

This is now fixed. See updated example.html. Current encoding looks like this:

{
  "System" : {
    "Clients" : {
      "24885" : {
        "Name/key" : { "type" : 12, "item_size" : 32, "last_written" : 1370024816 },
        "Name" : "ODBEdit",
        "Host/key" : { "type" : 12, "item_size" : 256, "last_written" : 1370024816 },
        "Host" : "ladd03.triumf.ca",
        "Hardware type/key" : { "type" : 7, "last_written" : 1370024816 },
        "Hardware type" : 44,
        "Server Port/key" : { "type" : 7, "last_written" : 1370024816 },
        "Server Port" : 52539
      }
    },
    "Tmp" : {
...

odb.c, example.html
svn rev 5368
K.O.
    Reply  27 Sep 2013, Konstantin Olchanski, Info, ODB JSON support 
> odbedit can now save ODB in JSON-formatted files.
> 
> JSON encoding implementation follows specifications at:
> http://json.org/
> 
> The result passes validation by:
> http://jsonlint.com/
> 

A bug was reported in my JSON ODB encoder: NaN values are not encoded correctly. A quick review found this:

1) the authors of JSON smoked some bad mushrooms and specifically disallowed NaN and Inf values for floating point numbers: 
http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4627
2) most JSON encoders and decoders do reasonable and unreasonable things with NaN and Inf values. The worst ones encode them as zero. More bad 
mushrooms.

There is a quick survey at: http://lavag.org/topic/16217-cr-json-labview/?p=99058

<pre>
Some Javascript engines allow it since it is valid Javascript but not valid Json however there is no concensus.
cmj-JSON4Lua: raw tostring() output (invalid JSON).
dkjson: 'null' (like in the original JSON-implementation).
Fleece: NaN is 0.0000, freezes on +/-Inf.
jf-JSON: NaN is 'null', Inf is 1e+9999 (the encode_pretty function still outputs raw tostring()).
Lua-Yajl: NaN is -0, Inf is 1e+666.
mp-CJSON: raises invalid JSON error by default, but runtime configurable ('null' or Nan/Inf).
nm-luajsonlib: 'null' (like in the original JSON-implementation).
sb-Json: raw tostring() output (invalid JSON).
th-LuaJSON: JavaScript? constants: NaN is 'NaN', Inf is 'Infinity' (this is valid JavaScript?, but invalid JSON).
</pre>

For the MIDAS JSON encoder (and decoder) I have several choices:
a) encode NaN and Inf using the printf("%f") encoding (as strings, making it valid JSON)
b) encode NaN and Inf as strings using the Javascript special values: "NaN", "Infinity" and "-Infinity", see 
http://www.w3schools.com/jsref/jsref_positive_infinity.asp

I note that the Python JSON encoder does (b), see section 18.2.3.3 at http://docs.python.org/2/library/json.html

In either case, behaviour of the JSON decoder on the Javascript side needs to be tested. (Silent conversion to value of zero is not acceptable).

If anybody has an suggestion on this, please let me know.



P.S. If you do not know all about NaN, Inf, "-0" and other floating point funnies, please read:  https://www.ualberta.ca/~kbeach/phys420_580_2010/docs/ACM-Goldberg.pdf

P.P.S. If you ever used the type "float" or "double", used the "/" operator or the function "sqrt()" you also should read that reference.

K.O.
       Reply  09 Oct 2013, Konstantin Olchanski, Info, ODB JSON support 
> > odbedit can now save ODB in JSON-formatted files.
> A bug was reported in my JSON ODB encoder: NaN values are not encoded correctly.

Tested the browser-builtin JSON.stringify() function in google-chrome, firefox, safari, opera:
everybody encodes numeric values NaN and Inf as JSON value [null].

To me, this clearly demonstrates a severe defect in the JSON standard and in it's Javascript implementation:
a) NaN, Inf and -Inf are valid, useful and commonly used numeric values defined by the IEEE754/854 standard (as opposed to the special value "-0", which is also defined by the standard, but is not nearly as useful)
b) they are all distinct numeric values, encoding them all into the same JSON value [null] is the same as encoding all even numbers into the JSON value [42].
c) on the decoding end, JSON value [null] is decoded into Javascript value [null], which works as 0 for numeric computation, so effectively NaN, Inf and -Inf are made equal to zero. A neat trick.

Note that (c) - NaN, Inf is same as 0 - eventually produces incorrect numerical results by breaking the IEEE754/854 standard specification that number+NaN->NaN, number+infinity->infinity, etc.

In MIDAS we have a requirement that results be numerically correct: if an ODB value is "infinity", the corresponding web page should not show "0".

In addition we have a requirement that JSON encoding should be lossess: i.e. ODB contents encoded by JSON should decode back into the same ODB contents.

To satisfy both requirements, I now encode NaN, Inf and -Inf as JSON string values "NaN", "Infinity" and "-Infinity". (Corresponding to the respective Javascript values).

Notes:
1) this is valid JSON
2) it survives decode/encode in the browser (ODBMCopy()/JSON.parse/modify some values/JSON.stringify/ODBMPaste() does not destroy these special values)
3) it is numerically correct for "NaN" values (Javascript [1+"NaN"] -> NaN)
4) it fails in an obvious way for Inf and -Inf values (Javascript [1+"Infinity"] is NaN instead of Infinity).

https://bitbucket.org/tmidas/midas/commits/82dd203cc95dacb6ec9c0a24bc97ffd45bb58427
K.O.
          Reply  17 Mar 2014, Konstantin Olchanski, Info, ODB JSON support 
> > > odbedit can now save ODB in JSON-formatted files.
> encode NaN, Inf and -Inf as JSON string values "NaN", "Infinity" and "-Infinity". (Corresponding to the respective Javascript values).

A new standard just came out - Oasis OData JSON format 4.0 - 
http://docs.oasis-open.org/odata/odata-json-format/v4.0/os/odata-json-format-v4.0-os.html

Section 7.1 reads:

> Values of types [...] Edm.Single, Edm.Double, and Edm.Decimal are represented as JSON numbers, except for NaN, INF, and –INF which are represented as strings.

This is consistent with what we do in MIDAS - encode special numbers as strings. For now I think we stay with Javascript-standard "Infinity", "-Infinity",
but if more standards start using "INF", "-INF", maybe we will switch. It is easy enough to support both encodings in the JSON parser and in the ODB decoder.

https://xkcd.com/927/
K.O.
             Reply  12 Apr 2022, Konstantin Olchanski, Info, ODB JSON support 
> > > > odbedit can now save ODB in JSON-formatted files.
> > encode NaN, Inf and -Inf as JSON string values "NaN", "Infinity" and "-Infinity". (Corresponding to the respective Javascript values).
> http://docs.oasis-open.org/odata/odata-json-format/v4.0/os/odata-json-format-v4.0-os.html
> > Values of types [...] Edm.Single, Edm.Double, and Edm.Decimal are represented as JSON numbers,
> except for NaN, INF, and –INF which are represented as strings "NaN", "INF" and "-INF".
> https://xkcd.com/927/

Per xkcd, there is a new json standard "json5". In addition to other things, numeric
values NaN, +Infinity and -Infinity are encoded as literals NaN, Infinity and -Infinity (without quotes):
https://spec.json5.org/#numbers

Good discussion of this mess here:
https://stackoverflow.com/questions/1423081/json-left-out-infinity-and-nan-json-status-in-ecmascript

K.O.
                Reply  13 Apr 2022, Stefan Ritt, Info, ODB JSON support 
> Per xkcd, there is a new json standard "json5". In addition to other things, numeric
> values NaN, +Infinity and -Infinity are encoded as literals NaN, Infinity and -Infinity (without quotes):
> https://spec.json5.org/#numbers

Just for curiosity: Is this implemented by the midas json library now?
                   Reply  13 Apr 2022, Konstantin Olchanski, Info, ODB JSON support 
> > Per xkcd, there is a new json standard "json5". In addition to other things, numeric
> > values NaN, +Infinity and -Infinity are encoded as literals NaN, Infinity and -Infinity (without quotes):
> > https://spec.json5.org/#numbers
> 
> Just for curiosity: Is this implemented by the midas json library now?

MIDAS encodes NaN, Infinity and -Infinity as javascript compatible "NaN", "Infinity" and "-Infinity",
this encoding is popular with other projects and allows correct transmission of these values
from ODB to javascript. The test code for this is on the MIDAS "Example" page, scroll down
to "Test nan and inf encoding".

I think this type of encoding, using strings to encode special values, is more in the spirit of json,
compared to other approaches such as adding special literals just for a few special cases
leaving other special cases in the cold (ieee-754 specifies several different types of NaN,
you can encode them into different nan-strings, but not into the one nan-literal (need more nan-literals,
requires change to the standard and change to every json parser).

As editorial comment, it boggles my mind, what university or kindergarden these people went to
who made the biggest number, the smallest number and the imaginary number (sqrt(-1))
all equal to zero (all encoded as literal null).

K.O.
Entry  31 Mar 2022, Stefan Ritt, Suggestion, Maximum ODB size 
Anybody some idea what the maximum ODB size can be? In the old days, the linux 
kernels had a severe limit on shared memory of usually 8MB, but in the age of 
64GB RAM being a standard, we should be able to grow bigger. Tried

odbinit -s 1024MB --cleanup

which went through without complain, even put that value in to .ODB_SIZE.TXT, but 
when I started odbedit doing "mem", I only see a size of 1MB. Probably somewhere 
deep inside we have a limit which prevents the user to create very large ODBs, 
but this should be mentioned more prominently in odbinit. Like "size too large, 
maximum allowd is xxx MB".

Stefan
    Reply  04 Apr 2022, Konstantin Olchanski, Suggestion, Maximum ODB size 
> Anybody some idea what the maximum ODB size can be?

It turns out ODB size limit is hardwired on db_open_database() at 100 Mbytes.

I now committed an improved error message for this.

I confirm that "odbinit -s 100MB" works and creates ODB with 50 Mbyte data area and 50 
Mbyte key area.

> in the age of 64GB RAM being a standard, we should be able to grow bigger ...

I agree, I think we can safely bump the limit from 100 Mbytes to 1 Gbyte, maybe 1.5 or 
1.99 Gbytes. Above that we run into 32-bit/31-bit cleanliness problems.

And creating extra large 1 GB ODB but using only a few megabytes will not waste any 
RAM, because the .ODB.SHM file is demand-paged and non-used parts of ODB will not be 
mapped into RAM. (It will waste disk space, file .ODB.SHM will be 1 GByte size).

However, 1 GByte (FPGA based) and 4-8 GByte (Raspberry Pi & co) machines are again
becoming popular and relevant for running MIDAS, and they have very slow "disk" 
subsystems, with NAND, SD and USB flash, so we should not go crazy here.

> odbinit -s 1024MB --cleanup

there is a bug in odbinit, if initial odbinit fails, ODB with default size is creates, 
and original rejected ODB size is written to .ODB_SIZE.TXT (an inconsistency).

bitbucket bug 328

> [ how do I resize ODB ??? ]

we need odbresize. bitbucket bug 329.

K.O.
Entry  31 Mar 2022, Konstantin Olchanski, Bug Fix, "run stop" trouble in mlogger, fixed 
while debugging something else, I ran into a bit of trouble in mlogger.

I set the mlogger event limit to 100, and after reaching 100 events, mlogger
sayd "stopping run", but nothing happened, run kept going.

it turns out mlogger tried stopping the run too soon, the run-start
transition did not finish yet and the error message about trying
to stop a run while another transition is in progress was missing.

(fixed - if another transition is in progress, we try again later)

it also turns out that cm_transition() checks if another transition
is in progress way too late, all the way in the transition thread,
where it cannot return it is an error to mlogger.

(fixed - first thing done in cm_transition() is this check).

while debugging this, I tested the ODB flags "/Logger/Async transitions"
and /Logger/Multithread transitions". It turns out only two transition
types still work from inside mlogger - multithread transition
and detached transition (via the mtransition helper).

the issue is the dead lock between mlogger and frontend. while mlogger
is inside cm_transition(), it is not reading the SYSTEM buffer,
while at the same time frontends are writing into it. If SYSTEM
buffer happens to be pretty full, we dead lock - frontends are waiting
for free space in the SYSTEM buffer do not respond to RPCs, mlogger is not 
reading from the SYSTEM and it stuck trying to issue "run stop" RPC
to frontend. (this dead lock is not forever, eventually frontend
is killed by RPC timeout, mlogger survives and stops the run).

this is a well known problem and as solution, mlogger has been using the 
multithreaded transitions for years.

now I removed the OBD /Logger/Async transition and /Logger/Multithread 
transition flags, instead, there is now a flag /Logger/Detached transitions
set to FALSE by default. Setting it to TRUE will cause mlogger to fork 
"mtransition STOP" and "mtransition START" for stopping and starting runs,
this is useful in case there is trouble with multithreading in mlogger.

K.O.
Entry  30 Mar 2022, Konstantin Olchanski, Bug Fix, erroneous removal of odb clients, fixed 
commit https://bitbucket.org/tmidas/midas/commits/b1fe21445109774be3f059c2124727b414abf835
made on 2022-02-21 fixed a serious bug in ODB.

a multithread race condition against an incorrectly updated shared variable caused removal of 
random clients from ODB with error message:

My client index %d in ODB is invalid: out of range 0..%d. Maybe this client was removed by a 
timeout, see midas.log. Cannot continue, aborting...

the race is between db_open_database() in one program (executed when any midas program starts) and 
db_get_my_client_locked() in all running midas programs.

as long as no midas programs are started (db_open_database() is not executed), this bug does not 
happen.

if i.e. odbedit is executed very often, i.e. from a script, probability of hitting this bug becomes 
quite high.

fixed now.

K.O.
Entry  29 Mar 2022, Konstantin Olchanski, Bug Fix, mdump can read lz4 and bz2 files now 
I converted mdump file i/o from older mdsupport library to newer midasio library 
and it can now read .mid, .mid.gz, .mid.lz4 and .mid.bz2 files. Output should be 
identical to what it printed before, if you see any differences, please report 
them here or on bitbucket. K.O.
Entry  29 Mar 2022, Hunter Lowe, Forum, Triggering without LAM signal - mcstd_libgpmc_camac driver 
Hello,

I have a question for anyone experienced with simple CAMAC systems.
 My understanding is that for a single ADC system you can use a gate to generate a
 LAM signal for triggering on ADC.
 The driver that I have "mcstd_libgpmc_camac" has LAM "not implemented" though,
 so I'm not sure how I should trigger DAQ. The frontend code that I have seems to use a TDC
 as trigger for ADC via "EQ_POLLED" type equipment setting. Should I simply plug in TDC in my
 system and use this as trigger? Is it as simple as TDC generates signal via gate and ADC performs job? 

Sorry if question is super basic, just confused how to trigger without LAM signal.

Thank you :)

Hunter Lowe
UNBC Grad Physics
Entry  12 Dec 2021, Marius Koeppel, Bug Report, Writting MIDAS Events via FPGAs  dummy_fe.cpp
Dear all,

in 13 Feb 2020 to 21 Feb 2020 we had a talk about how I try to create MIDAS events directly on a FPGA and 
than use DMA to hand the event over to MIDAS. In the thread I also explained how I do it in my MIDAS frontend. 

For testing the DAQ I created a dummy frontend which was emulating my FPGA (see attached file). The interesting code is 
in the function read_stream_thread and there I just fill a array according to the 32b BANKS which are 64b aligned (more or less
the lines 306-369). And than I do:

    uint32_t * dma_buf_volatile;
    dma_buf_volatile = dma_buf_dummy;

    copy_n(&dma_buf_volatile[0], sizeof(dma_buf_dummy)/4, pdata);

    pdata+=sizeof(dma_buf_dummy);
    rb_increment_wp(rbh, sizeof(dma_buf_dummy)); // in byte length

to send the data to the buffer.

This summer (Mai - July) everything was working fine but today I did not get the data into MIDAS. 
I was hopping around a bit with the commits and everything was at least working until: 3921016ce6d3444e6c647cbc7840e73816564c78.

Thanks,
Marius
    Reply  26 Jan 2022, Konstantin Olchanski, Bug Report, Writting MIDAS Events via FPGAs  
> today I did not get the data into MIDAS. 

Any error messages printed by the frontend? any error message in midas.log? core dumps? crashes?

I do not understand what you mean by "did not get the data into midas". You create events
and send them to a midas event buffer and you do not see them there? With mdump?
Do you see this both connected locally and connected remotely through the mserver?

BTW, I see you are using the mfe.c frontend. Event data handling in mfe.c frontends
is quite convoluted and impossible to straighten out. I recommend that you use
the tmfe c++ frontend instead. Event data handling is much simplified and is easier to debug
compared to the mfe.c frontend. There is examples in the midas repository and there are
tutorials for converting frontends from mfe.c to tmfe posted in this forum here.

BTW, the commit you refer to only changed some html files, could not have affected
your data.

K.O.
       Reply  26 Jan 2022, Marius Koeppel, Bug Report, Writting MIDAS Events via FPGAs  
> Any error messages printed by the frontend? any error message in midas.log? core dumps? crashes? 
> I do not understand what you mean by "did not get the data into midas". You create events
> and send them to a midas event buffer and you do not see them there? With mdump?
> Do you see this both connected locally and connected remotely through the mserver?

I simply don't see the event counter counting up and I also don't see them using mdump. No logs, no dumps and no crashes - every is quite. I only tested it locally.
 
> BTW, I see you are using the mfe.c frontend. Event data handling in mfe.c frontends
> is quite convoluted and impossible to straighten out. I recommend that you use
> the tmfe c++ frontend instead. Event data handling is much simplified and is easier to debug
> compared to the mfe.c frontend. There is examples in the midas repository and there are
> tutorials for converting frontends from mfe.c to tmfe posted in this forum here.

I know the code I used is really old that's why I was so surprised that it suddenly did not work. But I am on the way to change it. Also Stefan gave me some comments on how to improve the code. But still changing them did not really change the behavior. 

> BTW, the commit you refer to only changed some html files, could not have affected
> your data.

I just hopped around and the commit I send was the first one which worked again. But it's of course not the one where the stuff broke. I did a bit of git-bisect and ended up with this commit as the first one where my frontend is not working anymore: 91582e4172d534bf9b10e661a423c399fd1a69f4

Cheers,
Marius
          Reply  26 Jan 2022, Konstantin Olchanski, Bug Report, Writting MIDAS Events via FPGAs  
> 
> > Any error messages printed by the frontend? any error message in midas.log? core dumps? crashes? 
> > I do not understand what you mean by "did not get the data into midas". You create events
> > and send them to a midas event buffer and you do not see them there? With mdump?
> > Do you see this both connected locally and connected remotely through the mserver?
> 
> I simply don't see the event counter counting up and I also don't see them using mdump. No logs, no dumps and no crashes - every is quite. I only tested it locally.
>

If you are connected locally (no mserver), I want to know the value returned by bm_send_event(). Simplest
if you edit mfe.c and everywhere it calls bm_send_event() and rpc_send_event(), print the returned value.

It would be very interesting to see if bm_send_event() returns 1 (SUCCESS), but the event vanishes
without a trace.

Before you do that, try something simpler:

Run "mdump -s -d", it will print some event buffer internals.

Watch to see if any data pointers change when you send your events ("wp", "rp", etc).

If nothing changes at all, then we are not sending anything (fault is in your code or on mfe.c).

If you see "wp" counting up, then we definitely write your events into the buffer and mdump & mlogger should see them.

But there is some funny logic for event_id and trigger_mask and it is worth checking their
values. For a good test, set event_id=1 and trigger_mask=0x1. There might be trouble if either is set to zero.

K.O.
             Reply  26 Jan 2022, Marius Koeppel, Bug Report, Writting MIDAS Events via FPGAs  
> If you are connected locally (no mserver), I want to know the value returned by bm_send_event(). Simplest
> if you edit mfe.c and everywhere it calls bm_send_event() and rpc_send_event(), print the returned value.
> 
> It would be very interesting to see if bm_send_event() returns 1 (SUCCESS), but the event vanishes
> without a trace.

I checked bm_send_event(rbh, (EVENT_HEADER*)(&pdata[0]), 0, 20); which gives me back 1. I also check the status of rb_increment_wp which is also 1.

> Before you do that, try something simpler:
> Run "mdump -s -d", it will print some event buffer internals.
> Watch to see if any data pointers change when you send your events ("wp", "rp", etc).

"rp" & "wp" are not counting up. 

> But there is some funny logic for event_id and trigger_mask and it is worth checking their
> values. For a good test, set event_id=1 and trigger_mask=0x1. There might be trouble if either is set to zero.

Changing both to 0x1 did not change the behavior. 

Cheers,
Marius
    Reply  28 Jan 2022, Stefan Ritt, Bug Report, Writting MIDAS Events via FPGAs  dummy_fe.cpp
I finally got the dummy program working. There were several issues:

- event_buffer_size was defined as 10000 * 32 MB = 320 GB, exceeding the RAM of the computer

- SERIAL number starting with 1. Actually in midas, event serial numbers always started with zero, but this was wrong in the documentation at 
https://midas.triumf.ca/MidasWiki/index.php/Event_Structure, so I also fixed the documentation

- the event header time stamp must be seconds since 1.1.1970, and thus the function ss_time() should be used to set it

- calling set_equipment_status() for each event slows down the event collection considerably, since this function access the ODB each time

- dma_buf_dummy is defined inside the event loop, so it gets allocated and de-allocated on the stack for each event. Of course this might vanish 
when the real FPGA buffer will be used.

- The line pdata+=sizeof(dma_buf_dummy); is wrong. pdata is pointer to uint32_t, but the sizeof() operation returns the size of the 
dma_buf_dummy in bytes. Therefore, pdata gets incremented by four times the size of dma_buf_dummy

- Instead the call to std::this_thread::sleep_for(std::chrono::milliseconds(2000)); one can call the standard midas call ss_sleep(2000); which 
is a bit shorter

- Finally, sending many events to the ring buffer triggered a bug in the midas ring buffer functions which were lingering there since 2007. I'm 
glad that this happened and now could be fixed. Not sure if other experiments where affected in the last decade by that. This could have 
manifested itself in lost events or crashing front-ends. Anyhow, now it's fixed. You need to update midas to get the fix.

I attached a working version of the dummy program for your reference. Banks a different but the principle should become clear.

Stefan
       Reply  16 Feb 2022, Marius Koeppel, Bug Report, Writting MIDAS Events via FPGAs  
I just came back to this and started to use the dummy frontend.
Unfortunately, I have a problem during run cycles: 

Starting the frontend and starting a run works fine -> seeing events with mdump and also on the web GUI. 
But when I stop the run and try to start the next run the frontend is sending no events anymore.
It get stuck at line 221 (if (status == DB_TIMEOUT)).
I tried to reduce the nEvents to 1 which helped in terms of DB_TIMEOUT but still I don't get any events after I did a stop / start cycle -> no events in mdump and no events counting up at the web GUI.
If I kill the frontend in the terminal (ctrl+c) and restart it, while the run is still running, it starts to send events again.

Cheers,
Marius
          Reply  03 Mar 2022, Stefan Ritt, Bug Report, Writting MIDAS Events via FPGAs  
> Starting the frontend and starting a run works fine -> seeing events with mdump and also on the web GUI. 
> But when I stop the run and try to start the next run the frontend is sending no events anymore.
> It get stuck at line 221 (if (status == DB_TIMEOUT)).
> I tried to reduce the nEvents to 1 which helped in terms of DB_TIMEOUT but still I don't get any events after I did a stop / start cycle -> no events in mdump and no events counting up at the web GUI.
> If I kill the frontend in the terminal (ctrl+c) and restart it, while the run is still running, it starts to send events again.

This problem has (likely) been fixed in the current version. Please pull develop and try again. Was a recursive call to the event collection routine which is only triggered if you send events faster than 
the logger can digest, so not many people see it.

Best,
Stefan
             Reply  07 Mar 2022, Marius Koeppel, Bug Report, Writting MIDAS Events via FPGAs  
> This problem has (likely) been fixed in the current version. Please pull develop and try again. Was a recursive call to the event collection routine which is only triggered if you send events faster than 
> the logger can digest, so not many people see it.

I just pulled the current version (d945fa9) but the problem as explained in 2347 stays the same.

Best,
Marius
                Reply  25 Mar 2022, Marius Koeppel, Bug Report, Writting MIDAS Events via FPGAs  
I finally found the problem why the readout stops after a run transition. 

In my dummy frontend the serial number was not reset to zero at run start. 
This leads to a mismatch of the serial number in the function receive_trigger_event of mfe.cxx:1247.
Which is than resulting in the problem that the function founds never a new event in all ring buffers and nothing get read out of the buffer.

Nevertheless, it would be nice that the system would tell the user that there is a mismatch in the serial number (printing a warning / error etc.). 

Cheers,
Marius
ELOG V3.1.4-2e1708b5